Jayathilake, H. M., Jamaludin, J., Alban, J. D. T. D., Webb, E. L. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) The conversion of rubber to oil palm and other landcover types in Southeast Asia. Applied Geography 150: 102838.


Hunt, M. L., Blackburn, G. A., Siriwardena, G. M., Carrasco, L. R., Rowland, C. S. (2022) Using satellite data to assess spatial drivers of bird diversity. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation.

Yan, Y., Jaung, W., Richards, D. R. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) Where did the ecosystem services value go? Adaptive supply, demand and valuation of new urban green spaces. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 187: 106616.

Sze, J. S., Childs, D. Z., Carrasco, L. R. and Edwards, D. P. (2022) Indigenous lands in protected areas have high forest integrity across the tropics. Current Biology 32: 4949-4956.

Lan, T., Sinhababu, N. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) Recognition of intrinsic values of sentient beings explains the sense of moral duty towards global nature conservation. PLoS one 17: e0276614.

Oh, R. R. Y., Zhang, Y., Nghiem, T. P. L., Chang, C., Tan, C. L. Y., Quazi, S. A., … and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) Connection to nature and time spent in gardens predicts social cohesion. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 74: 127655.

Omeyer, L. C. M., Duncan, E. M., Aiemsomboon, K., Beaumont, N., Bureekul, S., Cao, B., Carrasco, L. R., … and Godley, B. J. (2022) Priorities to inform research on marine plastic pollution in Southeast Asia. Science of the Total Environment: 156704.

Richards, D. R., Belcher, R. N., Carrasco, L. R., Edwards, P. J., Fatichi, S., Hamel, P., … and Stanley, M. C. (2022) Global variation in contributions to human well-being from urban vegetation ecosystem services 5: 522-533.

Jamaludin, J., Alban, J. D. T. D. Carrasco, L. R. and Webb, E. L. (2022) Spatiotemporal analysis of deforestation patterns and drivers reveals emergent threats to tropical forest landscapes. Environmental Research Letters 17: 054046.

Law, A., Carrasco, L. R., Richards, D. R., Shaikh, S. F. E. A., Tan, C. L. Y. and Nghiem, T. P. L. (2022) Leave no one behind: A case of ecosystem service supply equity in Singapore. Ambio: 1-19.

Ng, L. W. K., Chisholm, C., Carrasco, L. R., Darling, E. S., Guilhaumon, F., Mooers, A., Ø., … and Huang, D. (2022) Prioritizing phylogenetic diversity to protect functional diversity of reef corals. Diversity and Distributions 28: 1721-1734.

Shah, H. A., Carrasco, L. R., Hamlet, A. and Murray, K. A. (2022) Exploring agricultural land-use and childhood malaria associations in sub-Saharan Africa. Scientific reports 12: 1-18.

Chang, C., Cox, D. T. C., Fan, Q., Nghiem, T. P. L., Tan, C. L. Y., Oh, R. R. Y., … and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) People’s desire to be in nature and how they experience it are partially heritable.  PLoS biology 20: e3001500.

Sze, J. S., Carrasco, L. R., Childs, D. and Edwards, D. P. (2022) Reduced deforestation and degradation in indigenous lands pan-tropically. Nature Sustainability 5: 123-130.

Chang, C., Nghiem, T. P. L., Fan, Q., Tan, C. L. Y., Oh, R. R. Y, Lin, B. B., … and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) Genetic contribution to concern for nature and proenvironmental behavior. BioScience 72: 160-165.

Zeng, Y., Runting, R. K., Watson, J. E. M. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) Telecoupled environmental impacts are an obstacle to meeting the sustainable development goals. Sustainable Development 30: 76-82.

Jaung, W., Carrasco, L. R., Richards, D. R., Shaikh, S. F. E. A. and Tan, P. Y. (2022) The role of urban nature experiences in sustainable consumption: a transboundary urban ecosystem service. Environment, Development and Sustainability: 1-21.

Jaung, W. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) A big-data analysis of human-nature relations in newspaper coverage. Geoforum 128: 11-20.

Zeng, Y., Twang, F. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) Threats to land and environmental defenders in nature’s last strongholds. Ambio 51: 269-279.

Mumford, J. D. and Carrasco, L. R. (2022) 26 Economics of transgenic insects for field release. CABI BIOTECHNOLOGY SERIES: 518.


Doughty, H. L., Lim, N., Carrasco, L. R., Milner‐Gulland, E. J. and Veríssimo, D. (2021) Product attributes affecting the substitutability of saiga horn drinks among young adult consumers in Singapore. Conservation Science and Practice 3: e567.

Tow, J. H., Symes, W. S. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Economic value of illegal wildlife trade entering the USA. PloS one 16: e0258523.

Shaikh, S. F. E. A., See, S. C., Richards, D., Belcher, R. N., Grêt-Regamey, A., Torres, M. G. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Accounting for spatial autocorrelation is needed to avoid misidentifying trade-offs and bundles among ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators 129: 107992.

Oh, R. R. Y., Fielding, K. S., Chang, C. C., Le Nghiem, T. P., Tan, C. L. Y., Quazi, S. A., … Carrasco, L. R. and Fuller, R. A. (2021) Health and wellbeing benefits from nature experiences in tropical settings depend on strength of connection to nature. International Journal of Environmental Research and public health 18: 10149.

Oh, R. R. Y., Fielding, K. S., Nghiem, T. P. L., Chang, C. C., Carrasco, L. R. and Fuller, R. A. (2021) Connection to nature is predicted by family values, social norms and personal experiences of nature. Global Ecology and Conservation 28: e01632.

Chang, C., Kristensen, N. P., Nghiem, T. P. L., Tan, C. L. Y. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Having a stake in the future and perceived population density influence intergenerational cooperation. Royal Society Open Science 8: 210206.

Chang, C., Kristensen, N. P., Nghiem, T. P. L., Tan, C. L. Y. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Cooperating with the future through natural resources restoration. Sustainability Science 16: 1285-1293.

Banks-Leite, C., Larrosa, C., Carrasco, L. R., Tambosi, L. R. and Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2021) The suggestion that landscapes should contain 40% of forest cover lacks evidence and is problematic. Ecology Letters 24: 1112-1113.

Jayathilake, H. M., Warren-Thomas, E., Nelson, L., Dolman, P., Bumrungsri, S., Juthong, W., Carrasco, L. R. and Edwards, D. P. (2021) Fruit trees and herbaceous plants increase functional and phylogenetic diversity of birds in smallholder rubber plantations. Biological Conservation 257: 109140.

Nghiem, T. P. L, Zhang, Y., Oh, R. R. Y, Chang, C., Tan,  C. L., Shanahan, D. F., Lin, B. B., Gaston, K. J., Fuller,. R. A., and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Equity in green and blue spaces availability in Singapore. Landscape and Urban Planning 210: 104083.

Nghiem, T. P. L., Wong, K. L., Jeevanandam, L., Chang, C., Tan, L. Y. C., Goh, Y. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Biodiverse urban forests, happy people: experimental evidence linking perceived biodiversity, restoration, and emotional wellbeing. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 127030. PDF

Chua, M. A., Tan, A. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Species awareness days: Do people care or are we preaching to the choir? Biological Conservation 255:109002.

Oh, R. Y. R., Fielding, K. S., Nghiem, T. P. L., Chang, C., Shanahan, D. F., Gaston, K. J., Carrasco, L. R. and Fuller, R. A. (2021) Factors influencing nature interactions vary between cities and types of nature interactions. People and Nature.

Pienkowski, T., Cook, C., Verma, M. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Conservation cost‐effectiveness: a review of the evidence base. Conservation Science and Practice:e357.

Sun, H., Dickens, B. L., Richards, D., Ong, J., Rajarethinam, J., Hassim, M. E., Lim, J. T., Carrasco, L. R., Aik, J. and Yap, G. (2021) Spatio-temporal analysis of the main dengue vector populations in Singapore. Parasites & vectors 14:1-11.

Tan, Z., Carrasco, L. R. and D. Taylor (2021) Spatial correlates of forest and land fires in Indonesia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 29:1088-1099.

Zhang, Y., Pang, M., Dickens, B. L., Edwards, D. P. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Global hotspots of conversion risk from multiple crop expansion. Biological Conservation, 254, 108963. preprint

Zhang, Y., Runting, R. K., Webb, E. L., Edwards, D. P. and Carrasco, L. R. (2021) Coordinated intensification to reconcile the ‘zero hunger’ and ‘life on land’ Sustainable Development Goals. Journal of Environmental Management, 284, 112032. preprint

Jaung, W. and L. R. Carrasco (2021) Using mobile phone data to examine weather impacts on recreational ecosystem services in an urban protected area. Scientific Reports 11:1-11.

Doughty, H., Milner-Gulland, E. J., Lee, J. S. H., Oliver, K., Carrasco, L. R. and Veríssimo, D. (2021) Evaluating a large-scale online behaviour change intervention aimed at wildlife product consumers in Singapore. PLOS One 16:e0248144.



Wang, M. M., L. R. Carrasco, and D. P. Edwards (2020) Reconciling rubber expansion with biodiversity conservation. Current Biology 30:3825-3832. e3824.

Chang, C. C., Oh, R. R. Y., Le Nghiem, T. P., Zhang, Y., Tan, C. L., Lin, B. B., … & Carrasco, L. R. (2021). Life satisfaction linked to the diversity of nature experiences and nature views from the window. Landscape and Urban Planning, 202, 103874. preprint

Tan, C. L., Chang, C. C., Nghiem, L. T., Zhang, Y., Oh, R. R., Shanahan, D. F., … & Carrasco, L. R. (2021). The right mix: Residential urban green-blue space combinations are correlated with physical exercise in a tropical city-state. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 57, 126947. preprint

Zeng, Y., T. V. Sarira, L. R. Carrasco, K. Y. Chong, D. A. Friess, J. S. H. Lee, P. Taillardat, T. A. Worthington, Y. Zhang, and L. P. Koh (2020) Economic and social constraints on reforestation for climate mitigation in Southeast Asia. Nature Climate Change 10:842-844.

Zeng, Y., Maxwell, S., Runting, R. K., Venter, O., Watson, J. E., & Carrasco, L. R. (2020). Environmental destruction not avoided with the Sustainable Development Goals. Nature Sustainability, 1-4. PDF

See, S. C., Shaikh, S. F. E. A., Jaung, W., & Carrasco, L. R. (2020). Are relational values different in practice to instrumental values? Ecosystem Services, 44, 101132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2020.101132

Chang, C.-c., Oh, R. R. Y., Le Nghiem, T. P., Zhang, Y., Tan, C. L., Lin, B. B., . . . Carrasco, L. R. (2020). Life satisfaction linked to the diversity of nature experiences and nature views from the window. Landscape and Urban Planning, 202, 103874.

Richards, D. R., A. Law, C. Tan, S. F. Shaikh, L. R. Carrasco, W. Jaung, and R. R. Oh (2020) Rapid urbanisation in Singapore causes a shift from local provisioning and regulating to cultural ecosystem services use. Ecosystem Services 46:101193.

Jaung, W., L. R. Carrasco, S. F. E. A. Shaikh, P. Y. Tan, and D. R. Richards (2020) Temperature and air pollution reductions by urban green spaces are highly valued in a tropical city-state. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 55:126827.

See, S. C., S. F. E. A. Shaikh, W. Jaung, and L. R. Carrasco (2020) Are relational values different in practice to instrumental values? Ecosystem Services 44:101132.

Sun, H., B. L. Dickens, M. Jit, A. R. Cook, and L. R. Carrasco (2020) Mapping the cryptic spread of the 2015–2016 global Zika virus epidemic. BMC Medicine 18:1-17.

Doughty, H., Veríssimo, D., Tan, R. C. Q., Lee, J. S. H., Carrasco, L. R., Oliver, K., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2019). Saiga horn user characteristics, motivations, and purchasing behaviour in Singapore. Plos One, 14(9), e0222038.

Jayathilake, H. M., Prescott, G. W., Carrasco, L. R., Rao, M., & Symes, W. S. (2020). Drivers of deforestation and degradation for 28 tropical conservation landscapes. Ambio, 1-14.

Chang, C., Cheng, G.J.Y., Nghiem, T.P.L., Song, X.P., Oh, R.R.Y., Richards, D.R., Carrasco, L.R. (2020) Social media, nature, and life satisfaction: global evidence of the biophilia hypothesis. Scientific Reports 10, 4125. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60902-w PDF

Jaung, W., & Carrasco, L. R. (2020). Travel cost analysis of an urban protected area and parks in Singapore: a mobile phone data application. Journal of Environmental Management261, 110238.

Prescott, G. W., Maung, A. C., Aung, Z., Carrasco, L. R., De Alban, J. D. T., Diment, A. N., … & Webb, E. L. Gold, farms, and forests: Enforcement and alternative livelihoods are unlikely to disincentivize informal gold mining. Conservation Science and Practice, e142.

Verma, M., Symes, W. S., Watson, J. E., Jones, K. R., Allan, J. R., Venter, O., … & Carrasco, L. R. (2020). Severe human pressures in the Sundaland biodiversity hotspot. Conservation Science and Practice, e169.  PDF



Jaung, W., Carrasco, L. R., & Bae, J. S. (2019). Integration of ecosystem services as public values within election promises: evidence from the 2018 local elections in Korea. Ecosystem Services40, 101038.

Lim, F. K., Carrasco, L. R., McHardy, J., & Edwards, D. P. (2019). Land rents drive oil palm expansion dynamics in Indonesia. Environmental Research Letters14(7), 074024.

Lim, A. Y., Chan, I. Z., Carrasco, L. R., & Todd, P. A. (2019). Aposematism in pink warty sea cucumbers: independent effects of chromatic and achromatic cues. Marine Ecology Progress Series631, 157-164.

Doughty, H., Veríssimo, D., Tan, R. C. Q., Lee, J. S. H., Carrasco, L. R., Oliver, K., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2019). Saiga horn user characteristics, motivations, and purchasing behaviour in Singapore. PLOS One14(9).

C. Larrosa, L.R. Carrasco, L.R. Tambosi, C. Banks-Leite, E.J. Milner-Gulland (2019) Spatial conservation planning with ecological and economic feedback effects. Biological Conservation.

F.L. McGrath, B. Leimona, S. Amaruzaman, N.P. Rahadian, L.R. Carrasco (2019) Identifying payments for ecosystem services participants through social or spatial targeting? Exploring the outcomes of group level contracts. Conservation Science and Practice. e49. PDF

J.L. Coleman, J.S. Ascher, D. Bickford, D. Buchori, A. Cabanban, R.A. Chisholm, K.Y. Chong, P. Christie, G.R. Clements, T.E.E. dela Cruz, W. Dressler, D.P. Edwards, C.M. Francis, D.A. Friess, X. Giam, L. Gibson, D. Huang, A.C. Hughes, Z. Jaafar, A. Jain, L.P. Koh, E.P. Kudavidanage, B.P.Y.-H. Lee, J. Lee, T.M. Lee, M. Leggett, B. Leimona, M. Linkie, M. Luskin, A. Lynam, E. Meijaard, V. Nijman, A. Olsson, S. Page, P. Parolin, K.S.-H. Peh, M.R. Posa, G.W. Prescott, S.A. Rahman, S.J. Ramchunder, M. Rao, J. Reed, D.R. Richards, E.M. Slade, R. Steinmetz, P.Y. Tan, D. Taylor, P.A. Todd, S.T. Vo, E.L. Webb, A.D. Ziegler, L.R. Carrasco (2019) Top 100 research questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia. Biological Conservation. 234, 211-220.

M. V. Jackson, L. R. Carrasco, C.‐Y. Choi, J. Li, Z. Ma, D. S. Melville, T. Mu, H.‐B. Peng, B. K. Woodworth, Z. Yang, L. Zhang, R. A. Fuller (2019) Multiple habitat use by declining migratory birds necessitates joined‐up conservation. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4895

DKD Dang, AC Patterson, LR Carrasco (2019) An analysis of the spatial association between deforestation and agricultural field sizes in the tropics and subtropics. PLOS ONE 14 (1), e0209918. PDF

SHS Teoh, WS Symes, H Sun, T Pienkowski, LR Carrasco (2019) A global meta-analysis of the economic values of provisioning and cultural ecosystem services. Science of The Total Environment 649, 1293-1298. PDF



F.L. McGrath, J. Erbaugh, B. Leimona, S. Amaruzaman, N. Rahadian, L. R. Carrasco (2018) Green without envy: how social capital alleviates tensions from a PES program in Indonesia. Ecology and Society.

Symes W.S., Edwards D.P., Miettinen J., Rheindt F.E., Carrasco L.R. (2018) Biodiversity conservation assessments underestimate the combined threats posed by tropical land-use change and wildlife trade. Nature communications.

B.S.L. Dickens, H. Sun, M. Jit, A.R. Cook, L.R. Carrasco (2018) Determining environmental and anthropogenic factors which explain the global distribution of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. BMJ Global HealthPDF

T. Pienkowski, B. L. Dickens, H. Sun, L. R. Carrasco (2018) Empirical evidence of the public health benefits of tropical forest conservation in Cambodia: a generalised linear mixed-effects model analysis. The Lancet Planetary Health. 1: 5, e180-e187. PDF

L. R. Carrasco, J. Chan, F. L. McGrath, T. P. L. Nghiem (2018) Biodiversity conservation in a telecoupled world. Ecology and Society. 22 (3). PDF

W.S. Symes, F.L. McGrath, M. Rao, L.R. Carrasco (2018) The gravity of wildlife trade. Biological Conservation 218, 268-276.



Chen, P.Z., Carrasco, L.R., Ng, P.K.L. (2017) Mangrove crab uses victory display to “browbeat” losers from re-initiating a new fight. Ethology.

L. R. Carrasco, E.L. Webb, W.S. Symes, L.P. Koh, N.S. Sodhi (2017) Global economic trade-offs between wild nature and tropical agriculture. PLOS Biology 15(7): e2001657. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2001657. PDF

L. R. Carrasco, T. P. L. Nghiem, Z. Chen, and E. B. Barbier (2017) Unsustainable development pathways caused by tropical deforestation. Science advances 3, 7, e1602602. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602602. PDF

S. K. Papworth, M. Rao, M. M. Oo, K. T. Latt, R. Tizard, T. Pienkowski, L. R. Carrasco (2017) The impact of gold mining and agricultural concessions on the tree cover and local communities in northern Myanmar. Scientific Reports. 7: 46594. PDF

C. N. Cook, A. S. Pullin, W. J. Sutherland, G. B. Stewart, L. R. Carrasco (2017) Considering cost alongside the effectiveness of management in evidence-based conservation: a systematic reporting protocol. Biological Conservation. 209: 508-516. Abstract

K. Y. Chong, M. B. Raphael, L. R. Carrasco, A. T. K. Yee, X. Giam, V. B. Yap, H. T. W. Tan (2017) Reconstructing the invasion history of a spreading, non-native, tropical tree through a snapshot of current distribution, sizes, and growth rates. Plant Ecology. 6: 673-685. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-017-0720-3. Abstract

F.L. McGrath, L.R. Carrasco, B. Leimona (2017) How auctions to allocate payments for ecosystem services contracts impact social equity. Ecosystem Services. 25: 44-55. Abstract

A. Chaudhary, L. R. Carrasco, T. Kastner  (2017) Linking national wood consumption with global biodiversity and ecosystem service losses. Science of the Total Environment. 586: 985-994. Abstract

F.K.S. Lim, L.R. Carrasco, J. McHardy, D.P.  Edwards (2017) Perverse market outcomes from biodiversity conservation interventions. Conservation Letters. PDF

Beria, L., Carrasco, L.R. (2017) Auction winning, social dynamics and non-compliance in a payment for ecosystem services scheme in Indonesia. Land Use Policy. 63: 632-644. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.10.022. Abstract



T. Soliman, F.K.S. Lim, J. S. H. Lee, L.R. Carrasco (2016) Closing oil palm yield gaps among Indonesian smallholders through industry schemes, pruning, weeding and improved seeds. Royal Society Open Science.  Open Acces

J.H. Liew, L.R. Carrasco, H.H. Tan, D.C.J. Yeo (2016) Native richness and species level trophic traits predict establishment of alien freshwater fishes. Biological Invasions.  Abstract

B.L. Dickens, J. Yang, A.R. Cook, L.R. Carrasco (2016) Time to empower RIDL and Wolbachia against Zika. Open Forum Infectious Diseases.  Open Access

L.R. Carrasco, S.K. Papworth, J. Reed, W.S. Symes, A. Ickowitz, T. Clements, K.S-H. Peh, T. Sunderland (2016) Five challenges to reconcile agricultural land use and forest ecosystem services in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology. Abstract  Preprint PDF

Nghiem, T.P.L., Papworth, S. K., Lim, F. K., Carrasco, L. R. (2016). Analysis of the Capacity of Google Trends to Measure Interest in Conservation Topics and the Role of Online News. PLOS ONE, 11(3), e0152802.  Open Access

Larrosa, C., Carrasco, L.R., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2016) Unintended feedbacks: challenges and opportunities for improving conservation effectiveness. Conservation Letters. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12240. Open Access

Chang, J., Symes, W.S., Lim, F.K., Carrasco, L.R. (2016) International trade causes large net economic losses in tropical countries via the destruction of ecosystem services. Ambio 1-11 doi: 10.1007/s13280-016-0768-7. Abstract  Preprint PDF

Nghiem, T.P.L., Carrasco, L. R. (2016) Mobile Applications to Link Sustainable Consumption with Impacts on the Environment and Biodiversity. BioScience doi: 10.1093/biosci/biw016.  Open Access

Soliman, T.A.A., Nghiem, T.P.L., Papworth, S.K., MacLeod, A., Mumford, J.D., Corlett, R.T., Tan, H.T.W., Carrasco, L.R. (2016) A regional decision support scheme for pest risk analysis in Southeast Asia. Risk Analysis. 36 (5) 904-913.  Abstract  PDF



Symes, W.S., Rao, M., Mascia, M.B., Carrasco, L.R. (2015) Why do we lose protected areas? Factors influencing protected area downgrading, downsizing and degazettment (PADDD) in the tropics and sub-tropics. Global Change Biology. 22 (2) 656-665.  Abstract  PDF

Lee, J.S.H., Jaafar, X., Tan, A.K.J., Carrasco, L.R., Ewing, J.J., Bickford, D.P., Webb, E.L., Koh, L.P. (2015) Towards clearer skies: challenges in regulating transboundary haze in Southeast Asia. Environmental Science and Policy. 55: 87-95.  Abstract  PDF

Win, M.K., Soliman, T.A., Lee, L.K., Wong, C.S., Chow, A., Ang, B., Carrasco, L.R., Leo, Y.S. (2015) Review of a two-year methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening program and cost-effectiveness analysis in Singapore. BMC Infectious Diseases. 15(1).  Abstract  PDF

Saw, L.E., Lim, F.K.S., and Carrasco, L.R. (2015) The Relationship between Natural Park Usage and Happiness Does Not Hold in a Tropical City-State.” PLOS ONE. 10 (7): e0133781.  Open Access

Brun, C., Cook, A.R., Lee, J.S.H., Wich, S.A., Koh, L.P., Carrasco, L.R. (2015) Analysis of deforestation and protected area effectiveness in Indonesia: A comparison of Bayesian spatial models. Global Environmental Change. 31: 285-295.  Abstract  PDF

Papworth, S.K., Nghiem, T.P.L., Chimalakonda, D., Posa, M.R.C.,Wijedasa, L.S., Bickford, D., Carrasco, L.R. (2015) Quantifying the role of online news in linking conservation research to Facebook and Twitter. Conservation Biology. 29 (3): 825–833.  Abstract  PDF



Carrasco, L.R., Larrosa, C., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Edwards, D.P. (2014) A double-edged sword for tropical forests. Science. 346 (6205): 38-40.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Nghiem, T.P.L., Sunderland, T., Koh, L.P. (2014) Economic valuation of ecosystem services fails to capture biodiversity value of tropical forests. Biological Conservation. 178: 163–170.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Papworth, S.K., (2014) A ranking of net national contributions to climate change mitigation through tropical forest conservation. Journal of Environmental Management. 146: 578-581.  Abstract  PDF

Papworth, S.K., Kang, A., Rao, M., Chin, S. T., Zhao, H., Zhao, X., Carrasco, L.R. (2014) Bear-proof fences reduce livestock losses in the Tibetan Autonomous Region, China. Conservation Evidence. 11: 8-11.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Leo, Y.S., Cook, A.R., Lee, V.J., Thein, T.L., Go, C.J., Lye, D.C. (2014) Predictive tools for severe dengue conforming to World Health Organization 2009 criteria. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 8 (7): e2972.  Open Access

Chen, P.Z., Carrasco, L.R., Ng, P.K.L. (2014) Post-contest stridulation used exclusively as a victory display in mangrove crabs. Ethology. 120 (6): 532-539.  Abstract  PDF

Soh, Y.H., Carrasco, L.R., Miquelle, D.G., Jiang, J., Yang, J., Stokes, E.J., Tang, J., Kang, A., Liu, P., Rao, M. (2014) Spatial correlates of livestock depredation by Amur tigers in Hunchun, China: Relevance of prey density and implications for protected area management. Biological Conservation. 169: 117-127.  Abstract  PDF

Webb, E.L., van de Bult, M., Fa’aumu, S., Webb, R.C., Tualaulelei, A., Carrasco, L.R. (2014) Factors affecting tropical tree damage and survival after catastrophic wind disturbance. Biotropica. 46 (1): 32-41.  Abstract  PDF

Phelps, J., Carrasco, L.R., Webb, E.L. (2014) A framework to assess supply-side wildlife conservation. Conservation Biology. 28(1): 244-257.  Abstract  PDF



Nghiem, T.P.L., Soliman, T., Yeo, D.C.J., Tan, H.T.W., Evans, T.A., Mumford, J.D., Keller, R.P., Baker, R.H.A., Corlett, R.T., Carrasco, L.R. (2013) Economic and Environmental Impacts of Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in Southeast Asia. PLOS ONE 8(8): e71255.  Open Access

Carrasco, L.R., Jit, M., Chen, M.I., Lee, V.J., Milne, G.J., Cook, A.R. (2013) Trends in parameterization, economics and host behaviour in influenza pandemic modelling: a review and reporting protocol. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology, 10(3).  Abstract  PDF

Phelps, J., Carrasco, L.R., Webb, E.L., Koh, L.P., Pascual, U. (2013) Agricultural intensification escalates future conservation costs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (19): 7601-7606.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Coker, R., Cook, A.R. (2013) Who should pay for global health, and how much? PLOS Medicine. 10(2): e1001392.  Open Access

Lee, L.K., Earnest, A., Carrasco, L.R., Thein, T.L., Gan, V.C., Lee, V.J., Lye, D.C., Leo, Y.S. (2013) Safety and cost savings of reducing adult dengue hospitalization in a tertiary care hospital. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 107 (1): 37-42.  Abstract  PDF



Lee, V.J., Chow, A., Zheng, X., Carrasco, L.R., Cook, A.R., Lye, D.C., Leo, Y.S. (2012) Simple clinical and laboratory predictors of chikungunya versus dengue infections in adults. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (9): e1786.  Open Access

Cook, A.R., Carrasco, L.R., Lee, V.J., Ooi, E.E. Chen, M.I., Lye, D., Leo, Y.S. (2012) Higher risk of infection with dengue at the weekend among male Singaporeans. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. 87 (6): 1116-1118.  Abstract  PDF

Samaan, G., Indriani, R., Carrasco, L.R., Lokuge, K., Cook, A.R., Kelly, P.M., Adjid, R. (2012) Prioritizing live bird markets at risk of avian influenza H5N1 virus contamination for intervention: A simple tool for low resource settings. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 107 (3-4): 280–285.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Cook, D.C., Mumford, J.D., MacLeod, A., Knight, J.D., Baker, R.H.A. (2012) Towards the integration of spread and economic impacts of biological invasions in a landscape of learning and imitating agents. Ecological Economics. 76: 95-103.  Abstract  PDF

Souza Monteiro, D.M., Carrasco, L.R., Cook, A.J.C. and Moffitt, L.J. (2012) Robust surveillance of animal diseases: an application to the detection of bluetongue disease. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 105 (1-2), 17-24.  Abstract  PDF



Carrasco, L.R., Lee, L.K., Lee, V.J., Ooi, E.E. Shepard, D.S., Thein, T.L., Gan, V., Cook, A.R., Lye, D., Ng, L.C., Leo, Y.S. (2011) Economic impact of dengue illness and the cost-effectiveness of future vaccination programs in Singapore. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 5 (12): e1426.  Abstract  PDF

Cook, D.C., Carrasco, L.R., Paini, D.R., Fraser, R.W. (2011). Estimating the social welfare effects of New Zealand apple imports. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 55 (4), 599-620.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Lee, V.J., Chen, M.I., Matchar, D.B., Thompson, J.P., Cook, A.R. (2011) Strategies for antiviral stockpiling for future influenza pandemics: a global epidemic-economic perspective. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 8 (62): 1307–1313.  Abstract  PDF

Schaub, L., Furlan, L., Toth, M., Steinger, T., Carrasco, L.R., Toepfer, S. (2011) Efficiency of pheromone traps for monitoring Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte. EPPO Bulletin. 41 (2), 189–194.  Abstract  PDF



Carrasco, L.R., Mumford, J.D., MacLeod, A., Harwood, T.D., Grabenweger, G., A.W. Leach, Knight, J.D., Baker, R.H.A. (2010) Unveiling human-assisted dispersal mechanisms in invasive alien insects: integration of spatial stochastic simulation and phenology models. Ecological Modelling. 221 (17): 2068-2075.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Mumford, J.D., MacLeod, A., Knight, J.D., Baker, R.H.A. (2010) Comprehensive bioeconomic modelling of multiple harmful non-indigenous species. Ecological Economics. 69 (6), 1303-1312.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Harwood, T.D., Toepfer, S., Levay, N., Kiss, J., Baker, R.H.A., MacLeod, A., Mumford, J.D., Knight, J.D. (2010) Dispersal kernel of the invasive alien Western Corn Rootworm and analysis of the effectiveness of focus and safety zones in eradication programmes in Europe. Annals of Applied Biology. 156 (10), 63-77.  Abstract  PDF

Carrasco, L.R., Baker, R., MacLeod, A., Knight, J.D., Mumford, J.D. (2010) Optimal and robust control of invasive alien species spreading in homogeneous landscapes. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 7 (44), 529-540.  Abstract  PDF


Book chapters

Rao, M., Nagendra, H., Shahabuddin, G. & Carrasco, L.R. (2016) Integrating Community-Managed Areas into Protected Area Systems: The Promise of Synergies and the Reality of Trade-Offs. Protected Areas: Are They Safeguarding Biodiversity?, 169.

Mumford, J.D., Carrasco, L.R. (2014) Economics of Transgenic Insects for Field Release. In: Benedict, M. Q. (Ed.) Transgenic Insects: Techniques and Applications. C.A.B. International, UK.



Carrasco LR. 2013. Silver lining of Singapore’s haze. Science. 341 (6144): 342-343.  PDF

Nghiem TPL, Webb EL, Carrasco LR. 2012. Saving Vietnam’s Wildlife Through Social Media. Science. 338: 192-193.  PDF