Primary education is the most fundamental form of education. It provides the foundation and lays the ground work for not only more advanced levels of education, but also basic participation in and contribution to, the modern world. Primary education is a right of every child and it is the responsibility of the state and parents to ensure that every child is provided with a satisfactory level of education. Primary education creates opportunities and opens doors as well as allowing new generations to break free of chronic and inter-generational poverty. Any state sanctioned welfare system should prioritise universal primary education.
Every child, irrespective of the socio-economic background of their parents, should have the opportunity to complete a full course of education. In order to be competitive in the modern would, children must be prepared from an early age.
In order to help develop well-rounded individuals, education systems need to address a multitude of different disciplines. Fundamentally, primary education needs to address basic mathematics, word formation and rudimentary english, general ethics and social norms and an introduction to the sciences. Initially, students will be assessed by observation. As they progress through primary school, assessments begin to become more formal. In the latter half of primary school, students will often encounter in-class tests and may even be required to submit an assignment. Primary education teaches discipline and helps to develop individuals who appreciate the importance of adhering to a routine.
Most students successfully complete primary education between the ages of 10 and 13 years. However, some nations are in educational crisis. Nations such as Pakistan have literacy rates as low as 57% and little is being done to rectify this. Seemingly poverty is the most common reason for poor education. Often parents cannot afford school fees and other associated costs. In some cases, entire communities may lack the resources to run a properly functioning school. Lack of education is also often attributable to geographical isolation.
Often female students are prevented from receiving an education, in spite of their males peers receiving an education. This is generally the result of cultural values and can be hard to reconcile from a western perspective. Young girls are often kept away from school to help with domestic duties and childcare. It is important that nations make a concerted effort to reduce the gap between male and female students.
As has been explored in the preceding discussion, primary education is an essential right of every child. It serves as the foundation for further education and determines the extent of an individuals prospects. There are many factors which may serves as potential impediments to equal opportunity of education and governments need to make policy which is specifically targeted at combating and compensating the adverse affects of these impediment. Education has the ability to disrupt generations of chronic poverty and policy makers need to take heed of this fact.