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Military Infectious Disease Surveillance (8-14 January 2022)

United States Forces Korea [1-2] 

  • On Jan 8, the USFK raised its health protection condition to ‘Bravo Plus’ peninsula-wide until further notice after recording 682 infections of COVID-19 in the past week. This effectively will ban dining at restaurants outside the bases and visiting indoor areas. Travel to the capital Seoul will be prohibited, except for official duties.  
  • On Jan 12, the number of COVID-19 cases more than doubled over the past week with 1,599 additional cases representing a record high number in its weekly tally. Only 10 of the cases accounted from Jan 4 to 11 were imported. The total number of COVID-19 cases reported among the USFK-affiliated population totaled 4,262 with nearly 90% vaccination rate.

South Korea [3-8] 

  • Between Jan 8 -Jan 14, a total of 135 cases were reported in the military, raising the total caseload among its personnel to 3,553. Currently, 199 military personnel are under treatment and of the total military caseload, 1,733 are breakthrough cases. The cases were reported from the Army (90), Air Force (31), Navy (1), Marine Corps (1), officer of the defense ministry (1) and unit under the direct control of the ministry (11). 

United States Forces Japan [9-12] 

  • On Jan 7, U.S. bases in Japan confirmed 348 new coronavirus cases that accumulated during the week. With 2,123 active cases at 19 of its installations, from Misawa Air Base to Okinawa. Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni reported 501 active cases and another 88 between Jan 7 and Jan 9. Due to increased cases, renewed public health measures were approved for three prefectures effective Jan 9 until Jan 31: Okinawa, Yamaguchi and Iwakuni and neighboring Hiroshima. These measures will keep U.S. military personnel to base facilities except for “essential activities”.  
  • As of Jan 11, U.S. military commands in Japan accounted for nearly 800 cases of COVID-19 over the past six days. Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni, confirmed 83 new infections between Jan 9-10, down from 182 cases on Jan 4. Sasebo Naval Base on Kyushu Island reported 66 new cases between Jan 9-10, Yokota Air Base in western Tokyo, reported 179 active cases. 

United States [13-14] 

  • As of January 12, a total of 299,839 cases with 2,378 hospitalizations and 88 deaths have been reported in the US military. There were 97,802 cases in the Army, 66,275 cases in the Navy, 56,765 cases in the Air Force, 43,158 cases in the National Guard, 33,781 cases in the Marine Corps and 2,058 cases in the DoD Agencies.  
  • Three of the 88 service members who have died from COVID-19 complications had received vaccines. Two were partially vaccinated, while another received the single-dose Johnson and Johnson. Maximum number of deaths came in August with the surge in delta variant followed by 14 in September and 12 in October 2021. Forty-one out of 88 COVID-19 deaths in the military have been among Army Reserve members and National Guardsmen although they account for less than a quarter of the military’s total end strength. 

Israel [15] 

  • On Jan 11, two top generals contracted COVID-19 as the number of confirmed cases skyrocketed in the military over the past week. After averaging a few hundred confirmed cases over the course of several weeks, recent days have seen the numbers skyrocket, from 990 on Jan 3, to 1,778 on Jan 6, 3,160 on Jan 9 and 5,187 on Jan 11. All infected individuals have of mild symptoms and 6,231 service members are in home quarantine after coming into contact with an infected person as of Jan 9. 

Sources: 

  1. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220108001900325?section=national/defense
  2. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220112004051325?section=national/defense
  3. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220108001100325?section=national/defense 
  4. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220110002300325?section=national/defense 
  5. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220111002900325?section=national/defense 
  6. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220112003100325?section=national/defense 
  7. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220113002300325?section=national/defense 
  8. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220114004300325?section=national/defense 
  9. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2022-01-07/us-miliary-japan-covid-19-coronavirus-public-health-4210691.html 
  10. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2022-01-10/us-military-japan-omicron-covid-19-coronavirus-restrictions-4241544.html 
  11. https://www.ktvb.com/article/news/nation-world/united-states-japan-troops-base-control-covid/507-d6c01b14-5eb6-4ff6-a2a6-9de8e2963c96 
  12. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2022-01-11/tokyo-japan-covid-19-coronavirus-omicron-us-military-4253795.html 
  13. https://www.defense.gov/Spotlights/Coronavirus-DOD-Response/ 
  14. https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2022/01/13/two-more-army-reservists-die-of-covid/ 
  15. https://www.timesofisrael.com/two-top-generals-contract-covid-19-as-omicron-sweeps-through-idf/ 

Military Infectious Disease Surveillance (1-7 January 2022)

South Korea [1-6]

  • On 2 January, a total of 25 new cases, including 23 breakthrough cases, were reported from the Army (12 cases), Air Force (7 cases) and Navy (6 cases). This brings the total caseload in the South Korean military to 3,303 with 271 active infections as of 2 January 2022.
  • On 3 January, 8 cases were reported, including 5 cases from the Army, and one case each from the Air Force and a unit under direct control of the defense ministry. Of the newly reported cases, 7 were breakthrough cases. This brings the total number of cases in the military to 3,311 cases, with 1507 breakthrough cases and 240 active cases.
  • On 4 January, a total of 25 new cases were reported in overseas (4 cases) and domestic (21 cases). Cases were reported from troops stationed in Lebanon (Dongmyeong unit, 2 cases) and South Sudan (Hanbit unit, 2 cases). The new domestic cases were reported from the Army (14 cases), the Air Force (4 cases), units under direct control of the defense ministry (2 cases) and the Navy (1 case). The total number of cases in the military domestically is 3,332 cases including 1,527 breakthrough cases.
  • On 5 January, 28 new cases were reported from the Army (14 cases), units directly under the defense ministry’s control (9 cases), Air Force (2 cases), Marine Corps (2 cases), and the Navy (1 case). A total of 25 of the new infections were breakthrough cases. This brings the total caseload in the military to 3,360 cases with 1,552 breakthrough cases.
  • On 6 January, 16 cases were reported, including 15 breakthrough cases, bringing the total caseload in the military to 3,376 cases. Of the new cases, 14 were breakthrough infections which brings the total number of breakthrough cases to 1,566. The new cases were reported from the Army and Air Force (6 cases each), and units under the direct command of the defense ministry (4 cases).

United States [7]

  • On 4 January 2022, a total of 3 cases were reported from the US Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands from 37 army personnel and their families under the 2-week entry quarantine.

United States Forces Japan [8-14]

  • Between 27 December 2021 and 3 January 2021, a total of 143 cases were reported from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni, of which 73 cases were reported between 31 December 2021 and 3 January 2022.
  • Between 27 and 28 December 2021, the Combined Arms Training Centre Camp Fuji reported 10 new infections as of 29 December 2021.
  • As of 2 January 2022, 234 new cases were reported from 9 U.S. Forces bases in Okinawa Prefecture. No additional details of the cases were reported, but the high number of cases follows the decision to test all military personnel and related individuals for COVID-19 within 24 hours upon entry into Japan, from 30 December 2021. As of 1 January 2022, a total of 522 new infections was reported amongst the US military in Japan in December 2021.
  • On 5 January 2022, 338 cases were reported across US bases in Japan. The new cases included 156 cases from the previous week, but were mainly attributed to 182 new cases reported from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni on 4 January 2022. In response to increased cases across the USFJ bases, all bases have increased the Health Protection Condition Level to Bravo on 5 January 2021. The latest guidelines mandates mask-wearing for all USFJ-affiliated individuals while off-base and in indoors and public areas within bases, regardless of vaccination status. The latest case updates at the following bases are as follows:
      • Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni: The base has reported 422 cases as of 4 January 2022, since cluster initiation on 24 December 2021.
      • Combined Arms Training Center Camp Fuji: 41 cases as of 5 January, since late December 2021
      • Yokota Air base: 57 new cases reported on 5 January 2021, bringing the total caseload to 64. 30 of the new cases were returning to Japan from the U.S. and were in quarantine, 4 cases were close contacts of previous cases, and remaining 23 cases were identified by the base public health authorities.
      • Naval Air Facility Atsugi: 69 new cases reported on 5 January 2021, of which 42 recently arrived in Japan, 18 were symptomatic, 4 were close contacts, and 5 cases pending investigation on their source of infection.
      • U.S Army Japan: 14 new cases reported between 29 December 2021 and 5 January 2022. Of the new cases. 7 were recent arrivals to Japan, 4 were close contacts and 3 were symptomatic.
      • Sasebo Naval Base: 17 cases as of 4 January 2021, of which 16 cases were reported since 28 December 2021. Of the active cases, 11 were symptomatic and the remaining were detected during medical screening
      • Okinawa bases: 6 cases were reported at Kadena Air Base (2 cases) , Marine’s Camp Foster (1 case) and unspecified locations (3 cases) on 5 January 2022.
  • As of 6 January 2022, a total of 1,784 active cases were reported across 18 US bases through Japan. New cases were reported from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni (115 new cases) and the US bases in Okinawa (162 cases) on 6 January 2022. The high active case numbers are mainly attributed to those from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni (529 cases), Camp Hansen (282 cases) and Yokosuka Naval Base (213 cases) as of 6 January 2022.

United States Forces Korea[15]

  • Between 27 December 2021 and 3 January 2021, a total of 682 cases were reported from US bases in South Korea, the highest weekly count ever reported by USFK. The previous peak was 467 cases reported between 21 December and 27 December 2021. Of the 682 new cases, all but one case were domestic cases, with the last case being a new arrival to South Korea.

Colombia [16]

  • A chagas disease outbreak has been reported at a military base in Cesar, northern Columbia. An unspecified number of soldiers were infected, with 2 deaths and 7 ICU admissions. The infections have been linked to the consumption of food.

Sources:

  1. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220102003100320?section=search
  2. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220103002400325?section=search
  3. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220104003151325?section=search
  4. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220104003100325?section=search
  5. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220105006300325?section=search
  6. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20220106002600325?section=search
  7. https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/459109/three-us-army-personnel-test-positive-for-covid-at-marshall-islands-border
  8. https://www.stripes.com/branches/marine_corps/2022-01-03/coronavirus-covid-19-cluster-marine-corps-japan-tokyo-4162599.html
  9. https://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/14514283
  10. https://www.nst.com.my/world/region/2022/01/760125/covid-19-outbreak-us-military-camp-spreads-eight-other-us-bases
  11. https://newsconcerns.com/okinawa-may-declare-emergency-covid-measures-as-virus-spreads-from-us-base-japan/
  12. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2022-01-05/us-military-japan-coronavirus-covid-19-hpcon-bravo-4187621.html
  13. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/1/6/morrison-denies-djokovic-singled-out-over-covid
  14. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2022-01-06/us-military-japan-coronavirus-covid-19-bravo-curfew-4198978.html
  15. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2022-01-06/us-military-south-korea-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic-4198596.html
  16. http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chagas-outbreak-among-soldiers-in-colombia-linked-to-food-83341/

One Health & Outbreak Surveillance Online Symposium 2021

The One Health & Outbreak Surveillance Online Symposium 2021 was successfully held on 29 November 2021 (SGT 9 am-5.30 pm) via Zoom.

The symposium was co-organised with NUS Department of Geography, and supported by the following 7 agencies.

The symposium attracted at least 100 signups, mainly from but not limited to local and international government organisations and academic institutions. Nine local and international speakers shared scientific insights spanning areas of big data and modelling analytics, landscape genetics, outbreak response and the future of One Health approach.

 Recordings of the symposium presentations, and all presenting materials can be accessed at the links shown below

Playlist for Presentation Recordings

Presentation Materials

The symposium also provided a platform for early career researchers to present relevant work in the following tracks: vector-borne diseases, food and-water borne-diseases, antimicrobial resistance, and One Health Training and Education.

The organising committee sincerely congratulates the following researchers for being awarded the Best Presentation from Early Career Researchers Award.

MS SHREYA KHANDELWAL 

 Topic: Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting the Force of Infection of Japanese Encephalitis 


MRS RANDA AHMAD BAZZI

Topic: Evaluating the veterinarian role in one health approach at antimicrobial resistance perspectives, Jordan

 

Lastly, the organising committee would like to thank all speakers, participants, participant agencies and co-organiser for their strong support in making this symposium a successful event!

 


RELEVANT RESOURCES:

One Health & Outbreak Surveillance Online Symposium 2021 Event Page

Plenary, Speaker Presenting Slides

Abstract Presentations

Playlist for all Presentations

Military Infectious Disease Surveillance (25-31 December 2021)

South Korea [1-7] 

  • On December 26, South Korea’s military reported 31 new coronavirus cases, including 30 breakthrough infections. The new cases include 22 Army personnel, 6 Navy personnel and 3 from units directly under the defense ministry. The total case load in the South Korea military stands at 3,120, 278 of whom are under treatment, and 1,327 are breakthrough cases.
  • On December 27, South Korea’s military reported 33 new coronavirus cases, including 31 breakthrough infections. The new cases include 11 Navy personnel, 9 Army personnel, 8 Air Force personnel, and 5 from units directly under the defense ministry. The total case load in the South Korea military stands at 3,153, 278 of whom are under treatment, and 1,358 are breakthrough cases.
  • On December 28, South Korea’s military reported 28 new coronavirus cases, including 27 breakthrough infections. The new cases include 7 Navy personnel, 15 Army personnel, 4 Air Force personnel, 2 from the Marine Corps. The total case load in the South Korea military stands at 3,181, 268 of whom are under treatment, and 1,385 are breakthrough cases.
  • On December 29, South Korea’s military reported 27 new coronavirus cases, all of which were breakthrough infections. The new cases include 13 Army personnel, 7 Air Force personnel, 4 Navy personnel, 3 from units directly under the ministry. Three of the cases were of the Omicron variant, marking the military’s first cases of the variant. The total case load in the South Korea military stands at 3,207, 257 of whom are under treatment, and 1,411 are breakthrough cases.
  • On December 30, South Korea’s military reported 28 new coronavirus cases, including 25 breakthrough infections. The new cases include 14 Air Force personnel, 10 Army personnel, 2 Navy personnel, 1 Marine Corps personnel and 1 from a unit directly under the ministry. The total case load in the South Korea military stands at 3,235, 268 of whom are under treatment, and 1,436 are breakthrough cases.
  • On December 31, South Korea’s military reported 22 new coronavirus cases, including 21 breakthrough infections. The new cases include 16 Army personnel, 2 Air Force personnel, 2 Navy personnel and 2 from the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The total case load in the South Korea military stands at 3,257, 272 of whom are under treatment, and 1,457 are breakthrough cases.

United States [8-9]

  • A COVID-19 outbreak has been reported on the Milwaukee, a littoral combat ship with a crew of 105 people, a detachment of Coast Guard personnel and an aviation unit. The Navy declined to reveal how many personnel have tested positive.
  • As of December 22, the United States military recorded 261,504 COVID-19 cases, including 256,137 recoveries, 2,320 hospitalisations and 82 deaths. The distribution of cases are as follows – Army (90,446), Marine Corps (29,403), Navy (51,230), Air Force (46,557), National Guard (42,118), and other agencies (1,750). A total of 1,597,631 service members have been fully vaccinated – Army (577,531), Marine Corps (192,463, Navy (381,690) and Air Force (445,947); 332,263 service members have received one dose of the vaccine – Army (261,224), Marine Corps (7,093), Navy (9,321) and Air Force (54,625).

United States Forces Korea [10]

  • Between December 21 and 27, the United States Forces Korea recorded 467 new COVID-19 cases – 457 local and 10 imported cases. This is the highest number of infections reported by the command since the pandemic started in March 2020. This record also far surpasses the previous weekly long record of 59 cases in July.

Sources:

  1. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211226001100325
  2. http://m.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20211227000228
  3. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211228002500325
  4. http://m.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20211229000298
  5. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211229002251325
  6. http://m.koreaherald.com/amp/view.php?ud=20211230000276
  7. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211231003000325
  8. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/2021/12/27/uss-milwaukee-covid-outbreak/
  9. https://www.defense.gov/Spotlights/Coronavirus-DOD-Response/
  10. https://www.stripes.com/branches/army/2021-12-29/usfk-pandemic-weeklong-record-covid-19-camp-humphreys-4117762.html

Military Infectious Disease Surveillance (18-24 December 2021)

South Korea [1-6]

  • On 19 December, the military reported 27 new cases, all of which were breakthrough cases, bringing the total case in the military to 2,933. The new cases include 22 cases from the Army, two case from a unit directly under the defense ministry, one case from the Navy, one case from the Marine Corps and one case from the Air Force.
  • On 20 December, the military reported 30 new cases, including 26 breakthrough cases, bringing the total case in the military to 2,963. The new cases include 22 cases from the Army, three cases from the Air Force, two cases from the Navy, two cases from the Marine Corps, and one case from a unit directly under the defense ministry,
  • On 21 December, the military reported 17 new cases, all of which were breakthrough cases, bringing the total case in the military to 2,980. The new cases include 10 cases from the Army, four cases from the Marine Corps, two cases from the Air Force, and one case from a unit directly under the defense ministry,
  • On 22 December, the military reported 24 new cases, including 22 breakthrough cases, bringing the total case in the military to 3,001. The new cases include 13 cases from the Army, four cases from the Navy, four cases from the Air Force, two cases from the Marine Corps, and one case from a unit directly under the defense ministry,
  • On 23 December, the military reported 26 new cases, including 23 breakthrough cases, bringing the total case in the military to 3,027. The new cases include 12 cases from the Army, six cases from the Air Force, five cases from a unit directly under the defense ministry, one case from the Navy and one case from the Marine Corps.
  • On 24 December, the military reported 37 new cases, including 30 breakthrough cases. This brings the total cases in the military to 3,064 of which 1,273 were breakthrough cases. The new cases include 24 cases from the Army, six cases from the Navy, four cases from the Air Force, two cases from a unit directly under the defense ministry, and one case from the Marine Corps.

United States Forces Japan (USFJ) [7,8]

  • On 20 Dec, at least 180 cases in the US military Camp Hansen on Okinawa have been reported. On 17 Dec, the Marine Corps Installation Pacific had reported multiple COVID-19 cases among a rotational unit of newly arrived Marine. They had no contact with the local population and were quarantined at Camp Hansen after arriving at Kadena. Kadena has five active cases as of 20 Dec. On 17 Dec, a Japanese employee at Hansen was confirmed to be infected with omicron. On 18 Dec, another two omicron cases were identified in the local population, an American civilian working at Hansen and her Japanese husband. About 60 close contacts have been identified.
  • On 22 Dec, two omicron cases were reported in Marine Corps bases on Okinawa. The cases were employees in Camp Schwab and Camp Hansen who were tested positive on Friday and Saturday. The cluster at Hansen had increased to 217 cases with 17 new cases reported on 22 Dec.

Sources:

  1. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211219002400325?section=national/defense
  2. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211220003300325?section=national/defense
  3. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211221003000325?section=national/defense
  4. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211222002300325?section=national/defense
  5. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211223002300325?section=national/defense
  6. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211224002500325?section=national/defense
  7. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2021-12-20/camp-hansen-okinawa-covid-19-coronavirus-omicron-4032990.html
  8. https://www.stripes.com/theaters/asia_pacific/2021-12-22/covid-19-coronavirus-omicron-okinawa-camp-hansen-4054983.html

 

Military Infectious Disease Surveillance (11-17 December 2021)

Canada [1]

  • Two units on the Canadian Forces Base Kingston have reported an ongoing COVID-19 outbreak. Exact numbers and details are not disclosed but all cases are military members. As of 6 December 2021, a total of 2,175 cases, including 2,162 resolved cases, 13 active cases and 248 cumulative breakthrough cases have been reported in the Canadian armed forces since the start of the pandemic.

South Korea [2-5]

  • On 13 December, the military reported 25 new cases, all of which were breakthrough cases. The new cases include 19 cases from the Army, 4 cases from the Navy, one case from a unit directly under the defense ministry, and one civilian employee. This brings the total number of cases reported in the military to 2,738 cases, of which 1,002 were breakthrough cases.
  • On 14 December 2021, 40 new cases were reported from the Army (15 cases), Air Force (13 cases), Navy (4 cases), units under the direct control of the defense ministry (7 cases) and an officer in the ministry. Of the new cases, 35 were breakthrough infections. As of 14 December, 2,777 cases have been reported in the military, of which 308 are active cases and 1,016 are breakthrough cases.
  • On 15 December 2021, there were 45 new cases including 41 breakthrough infections. This brings the total caseload in the military to 2,822 cases with 1,057 breakthrough infections and 328 active infections. The new cases were reported from the Army (18 cases), Air Force (10 cases), units directly under the defense ministry (11 cases), the Marine Corps (4 cases), the Navy (1 case) and an officer from the ministry.
  • On 16 December, 26 cases were reported from the Army (18 cases), units directly under the defence ministry (3 cases), the Air Force and Navy (2 cases each), and the Marine Corps (1 case). This brings the total number of cases reported in the military to-date to 2,848 cases with 1,079 breakthrough cases and 328 active cases.

Sources:

  1. https://ygknews.ca/2021/12/11/cfb-kingston-confirms-covid-outbreaks-in-two-units-at-the-base/
  2. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211213003100325?section=search
  3. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211214002400325?section=search
  4. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211215002700325?section=search
  5. https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20211216003100325?section=search
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