Hot Off the Press: Decreased rabphilin 3A immunoreactivity in Alzheimer’s Disease is associated with Aβ burden
Synaptic dysfunction, together with neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and cholinergic neuron loss is an established finding in the Alzheimer’s disease (AD) neocortex. The synaptopathology of AD is known to involve both pre- and postsynaptic components. However, the status of rabphilin 3A (RPH3A), which interacts with the SNARE complex and regulates synaptic vesicle exocytosis and Ca2+-triggered neurotransmitter release, is at present unclear. In this study, we measured RPH3A and its ligand rab3A as well as several SNARE proteins in postmortem neocortex of patients with AD, and found specific reductions of RPH3A immunoreactivity compared with aged controls. RPH3A loss correlated with dementia severity, cholinergic deafferentation, and increased β-amyloid (Aβ) concentrations. Furthermore, RPH3A expression is selectively downregulated in cultured neurons treated with Aβ peptides. Our data suggest that presynaptic SNARE dysfunction forms part of the synaptopathology of AD.
Tan MG, Lee C, Lee JH, Francis PT, Williams RJ, Ramírez MJ, Chen CP, Wong PT, Lai MK (This paper).