After learning about the increasing pervasiveness of trade villages in Vietnam, we have seen some problems associated with this rise (previous post). This has been driven primarily by the role of state where the state is pushing for the restoration and development of trade villages for the next two years (until 2015) (Vietnamtourism, 2013). So, to restore the environmental health impacts brought about by this promotion of trade villages to preserve handicrafts as well as developing specialised villages for economic development, it is important to minimise this emphasis by the state. This is the first proposed solution.
If preservation of these handicrafts and the development of specialised villages are inevitable to accompany the economic development of Vietnam, the next best solution would be improve and increase the accessibility to waste treatment facilities, which is an issue in these trade villages. Public education of the importance of such facilities can be inculcated to the trade villagers through platforms like fairs and bazaars where they sell their handicrafts or other trades. Following the education, concrete efforts have to be undertaken by both the state and the trade villagers. State can provide subsidies in the provision of the waste treatment plants and the trade villagers will have to receive relevant operational training by the industrial experts. The trade villagers can also be the ones that help in the building of these waste treatment facilities (Figure 1). Long-term and continual efforts have to be in place for sustained environmental health in the vicinity.
Figure 1: Subsidies from state accompanied by technical machineries while the trade villages will help in provision of labour for the construcition
Beyond education of the importance of waste treatment facilities, education on the harmful health effects of the released toxic chemicals of the trade are also important. Generally humans are response creatures, actions will only be undertaken when they are aware of the health effects of the toxic chemicals before they will undertake actions to counter or minimise the harmful effects.
However, this recent development of trade villages does not have a proposed structured solutions by the academics and all solutions proposed in this blog post are merely suggestions by me. I hope that this blog pot have increase the awareness of this phenomenon in Vietnam and more research can be done on these trade villages and improve the environmental health of the region.
Vietnamtourism, 2013. Hue invests 9 billion VND in restoring tradiitional trade villages. Available at: http://www.vietnamtourism.com/en/index.php/news/items/7197/1 [Accessed October 20, 2016].
Figure 1: https://atswealthmanagers.com/ats-blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Subsidies-Indian-Scenario-and-road-ahead.jpg