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Category: Education

Easy Opportunities for You to Change the World

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For those who aspire to change the world, the clothes you wear doesn’t appear a likely place to start. However, dismissing the idea out of hand would be a mistake. Fashion and ‘fast fashion’ in particular, meaning the kind of clothes that are meant to be worn a few times at most, have serious environmental consequences. Read on to learn about easy opportunities you can take to change the world, starting with your closet.

Buy Responsibly

It takes an average of 7,000 liters to make a single pair of jeans, about as much water as an individual might drink in 5-6 years. The garment industry produces 2 billion pairs of jeans each year, and 20% of industrial water pollution is due to dyeing and treating textiles. Add to these facts that 80% of the groundwater from major rivers in China is polluted and unsuitable for human use and you begin to see another opportunity to make choices that will have far-reaching effects. It is estimated that about 3 billion people across 50 countries will be confronted with water scarcity or stress by the year 2025. By 2050, that number is expected to rise to 7 billion at-risk individuals. But jeans are not the sole culprit. We must clothe ourselves, hence the importance of careful consideration before making any purchases, such as when shopping for Mother’s Day gifts with the impending holiday. Another easy way to reduce your environmental impact is by investing in pieces that don’t go out of style, such as classic jewelry pieces like pearls. Finally, look for labels that identify the material as sustainable, GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certified, carbon-neutral, responsibly produced and/or made from recycled fibers.

Wear What You Have

The average garment is worn only four times. Worse, Greenpeace estimates that some 20% of clothing is not even worn once. Wearing your clothes just a little longer can have a significant impact on the environment: an extra 9 months of use reduces your carbon, water and waste footprints by 20-30% each. Figures on worldwide textile waste are not readily available but in the United States alone, some 15 million tons of clothing wind up in landfills each year. A clear opportunity to make a difference in the world is to wear what you already own. Also, consider borrowing or consignment shops for special occasion items you only intend to wear once.

Invest in Humanity

Another important reason to invest in quality apparel rather than inexpensive throwaways is the prevalence of slave labor in the textile industry. An estimated 40 million people are enslaved worldwide, and labor enslavement is extremely common in the manufacturing sector. Unsafe work environments, low wages, and uncertain or non-existent labor contracts add up to dangerous and insecure working conditions for millions of apparel workers around the globe. Sixty to seventy-five million people work in the garment industry, and the vast majority of these laborers are female. Many of these women are the primary provider for their family, but minimum wage or below is often the standard. A living wage is not only a basic necessity, it has been proven to offer benefits to the business itself. Support textile workers by buying from fashion and jewelry companies that invest in fair trade and have transparent business practices and ethical supply chains.

In summary, do your research, choose wisely, invest in quality and above all, wear what you already own. These simple steps can make great strides toward changing the world for the better.

The Integration of Technology and Law

 

Singapore is one of the forerunners for utilizing artificial intelligence in their law department and law firms, across the globe, such as Canadian firm Diamond and Diamond Lawyers. While battling questions of legal liability and the ethics of technology in law, they are taking it one step at a time. With so many pros and cons to using technology in the courtroom and in the legal department, it is crucial to implement it slowly for maximum efficiency and lower the chances of running into problems. 

Pro of using A.I: It is more time efficient

Technology is used to make human lives more convenient. When you have a software that is able to run its algorithms and sort through legal cases, it cuts down on time spent on sorting and allows for a better flow of productivity. The cases would ideally be sorted to the lawyer or attorney that is best fitted for the case. 

Con of using A.I: Nobody is responsible for mistakes

While it could be seen as a “pro” as well as a “con”, if the software makes a mistake, there would be nobody to blame but the software and that is not very feasible. There must be a legal liability that can hold up in the court of law. Is the law firm ready to take full responsibility for anything that goes wrong due to the implementation of the software? 

Pro of using e-billing and e-filing: Less paperwork, more accountability

Traditional invoices can be overlooked, but e-billing has a “paper trail” that cannot go missing or lost. The same goes for documents. In the long run, it is also beneficial to our environment as we use less paper in the office. It can also be used in the courtroom. Web-based databases that allow legal teams access to relevant information for all parties. 

Con of using e-billing and e-filing: Loss of data due to hardware or software malfunction

One of the biggest worries that comes with relying on technology is when it inevitably crashes. However, this can be easily remedied with a contingency of numerous backups on hard drives or on the cloud. 

Pro of using technology in the courtroom: Higher transparency and better visual aid

Imagine a courtroom fitted with projectors or built-in monitors to show videos or other media relevant to the case. Not only will this help build a stronger case and give substance to evidence – especially in the age of digital media, where screenshots or CCTV footage is rampant and useful in an investigation – it can also help convince the jury without being prejudiced to the attorney’s sway or speech. 

Con of using technology in the courtroom: Distracting and misleading

As with media, certain pictures or videos, when taken out of context might reflect something that cannot be further than the truth. Tampered footage or cropped images might be submitted for evidence and it would affect and manipulate the outcome of the hearing. Therefore, visual evidence must be carefully vetted when being used in a hearing.

The Impact of a Psychometric Test On Recruitment

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Psychometric tests are an important aspect of recruitment and allow a company to identify the right individuals for the corporation. Recruitment, being an essential process in the growth of the company, has to be well defined and analytical in order to choose the best candidates for the firm. Over the years, recruitment processes have changed and developed in order to adjust to different company sizes, values, and roles. Through technology, recruitment has become more fact-based and reliable. Many different companies choose to select individuals through interviews, group discussions, tasks, and now more than ever by using a psychometric test. These different steps in recruitment allow companies to choose candidates that understand the organization and its goals as there is usually a set criterion that defines the best candidates. Although psychometric tests do not contain right or wrong answers, they allow companies to group individuals through their personality and logical reasoning. Many believe that psychometric tests should be an important aspect of the recruitment process, however, it cannot be the main aspect of it. Hence, it is necessary to conduct interviews in order to fully understand the individual alongside other required assessments and tasks for the role. There are however many ways in which psychometric tests affect the recruitment process, especially for leadership and managerial roles.

Psychometric tests are used in order to determine the personality, interests, logical reasoning and sometimes the overall aptitude of an individual. These aspects of a psychometric test allow the identification of the group of appropriate candidates that will best fit the required role in the company. Psychometric tests demonstrate qualities of an individual that one might not be completely honest about in an interview. For example, if one is asked whether or not one is a team worker, an important aspect in most roles, individuals will answer positively. However, the phrasing of psychometric tests is different and demonstrates the ways in which an individual would react in certain situations. Moreover, psychometricians who are hired to analyze the tests can be certain whether or not an individual has answered honestly by assessing the rest of the test. In the recruitment process, psychometric tests also allow human resources professionals to objectively compare different individuals for a role. The professional that assesses these tests has an understanding of the required qualities of the candidate, the professional understands the values of the company and the challenges an individual will face in the position. Therefore, the assessor can correctly identify the appropriate candidates through this knowledge and the psychometric test.

The impact psychometric tests have on the recruitment process depends on many different factors including the type of role the company is assessing for, the company size, and the other steps that the recruitment process includes. Overall, it is an easy way to compare different individuals and determine which type of personalities fit better in different roles and thereafter grouping individuals more strategically. This objectivity in choosing candidates through psychometric tests also allows companies to be less biased and choose the right individuals for each role. In many organizations, psychometric testing works alongside interviews and interviews form an important part of the decision making. Each step in the recruitment process focuses on a different understanding of the candidate and impacts the process according to the prioritized values and responsibilities of a candidate. In roles that require leadership, problem-solving, and management psychometric tests can greatly impact the hiring process in identifying these qualities in individuals.

Live Vs Auto: The Better Proctoring?

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The popularity of massive open online courses (MOOCs) and other forms of online education is at its peak. Assessment and proctoring policies and practices are central to online education and efficient proctoring is the stepping stone to the next stage in education. There are 2 kinds of proctoring, viz human proctoring (live or remote) and auto proctoring (remote).

Human (live) proctoring is currently the commonest approach to test taking. The test candidate either visits the examination center or takes the exam at his own location, during which he is monitored visually and acoustically by a live proctor, by means of a webcam. A live proctor is a human person that oversees an exam and is physically present in the same room as the candidate. Online remote proctoring is also a human person who oversees an exam, but does so by monitoring the candidate from a remote location with the help of an online video camera. Both the remote proctor and student are connected over a high-speed internet and interact through the use of VOIP. In some cases, the remote proctor could well be an automated monitoring technology. In the absence of a live person, the auto remote proctor services come in the form of fully automated cloud-based monitoring technology, eliminating both schedule and location constraints, and the need for human reviewers.

What is Live Online Proctoring?

In a ive proctored exam, the candidates take the online test from their home or any quiet and distraction-free location. A live proctor closely authenticates a candidate identity, and monitors and records the candidate’s behavior in a real-time exam situation. The proctors have the power to terminate an exam if they notice aberrant behavior. The audio and video of the candidates and their computer systems and screens are also recorded for review purposes. A proctoring service provider typically has proctors operating from a single location and each proctor may be monitoring up to 16 candidates at a time.

Automated Proctoring

Automated proctoring is the most advanced form of proctoring. It makes use of software, instead of human beings, to detect instances of examination fraud. It employs face recognition to do student authentication. Automated proctoring detects any unnecessary software and the presence of another person in the room. It records the audio-video and screen feeds of the candidates during the test for the purpose of a future review, if necessary. It also monitors the feeds with advanced video and audio for signs of any suspicious activity. Moreover, automated proctoring ensures that the candidate is focused on the test screen and there is enough light in the room.

To conclude, auto proctoring is set to become the mainstay for online assessments. And with developments pointing to the use of biometric devices such as smart watches and facial recognition, keyboard behavior analysis and sound recognition and touch-screen behavior analysis, auto proctoring appears to have a rosy future

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