Business and Technology News from NUS

Month: March 2020

The Influence of Technology in Modern Photography


Welcome to what will one day be known as the humble beginning of the digital era. This is a modern world that is positively immersed in and surrounded by rapidly widespread (even global) digitalisation and technological influence. These days, technological advancements and enhancements have impacted just about every aspect of life as we know it, every thriving industry. All it takes to understand this is to look around in any given direction at any given time. In fact, we have become absolutely comfortable, familiar, and even reliant on these modern marvels.

In creatively inclined industries, there is a definitive edge of technological absolution that has kicked into gear in recent years, effectively and successfully creating an entirely new frontier in these industries that is driving them in exciting and (sometimes) unprecedented directions. While technological influence is having a significant impact across the board and around the globe, it is the creatively fuelled industries that are feeling the weight of these modern marvels most effectively and most unexpectedly.

The photography industry feels the influence of technology

Think of the flourishing photography industry, for instance. Photography is an industry that was quite literally designed and intended to be a creative expression of moments in time. Poetic, yes, but photography is also about effectively creating captured moments and ensuring that those moments are brightened and significantly savoured not only in the moment, but as treasured moments and glimpses back in time. Now, as technological influence is felt more and more in the photography industry, the devices, programs, and systems used by photographers are getting bolder, brighter, smarter, and more secure.

Modern photographers have the world at their feet

Photographers today quite literally have the world at their feet. There is an exceptional amount of growth that has taken place over the years in photography. In recent years especially, this rate of growth has grown and expanded significantly. From the many image editing services available for budding photographers to the backup devices that all photographers (and videographers, for that matter) should make ample use of (and every form of technology in between and beyond in the photography field), there has been been a more exhilarating and vibrant time in the global photography industry. 

Photography and technological advancement in the future

Heading into the future, the technological advancements in the global photography industry are only going to get better and better. What we have seen so far has been undeniably impressive and thrilling, however the best part of all is that this is just the start. The best is yet to come, and the future for photography has never looked brighter. As rapidly widespread digitalisation and technological advancement get bolder and brighter all the time, there is so much room for hope and promise going forward. This is an industry that has been exceptionally driven to all-new (and frankly sometimes unprecedented) heights by technology, and there is a whole lot more where all this came from. So, buckle up.

Grasping the Need to Change Workplace Culture


Critical Skills That Can Lead a DevOps Team to New Heights

There is no denying that human beings, in general, resist change. As American author Stephen King once said, “Resistance to change is proportional to how much the future might be altered by any given act.”

And one factor that brings about the most impactful changes in life today, is technology. Every dawning day introduces some form of new technology in the market. And introducing new technology in workplaces bringing forth a new workplace culture, is a challenge to most employers, because people generally resent change in workplace culture.

Even in earlier times, such as in the early 1990s, and today as well, a significant time lag exists between identifying a need for new technology and its actual implementation in the business, which creates enormous frustration.

Out of this frustration was born a concept – the DevOps  Movement (Development and Operations together)– founded by IT expert Patrick Debois in 2009. Debois, known as founder of the movement as well as of DevOpsDays. is an independent IT consultant, whose goal is  bridging the gap between projects and operations. During 15 years as a consultant, he worked in large businesses as developer, network specialist, system administrator, tester and project manager. Having been on both sides of the fence, as developer and as operations professional, he understands where the problems lie.

As it becomes apparent that the whole concept of DevOps is based on different teams collaborating to ensure speedy results, but fail because many individuals are unable to fathom its purpose, professionals with DevOps Foundation, become oriented toward a cultural shift of improved collaboration between the software development and operations teams.

Furthermore, according to, a unique site that helps organizations “to deliver better engagement and experiences across the entire customer journey,” 40% of employees of organizations state they feel inadequately supported by their colleagues because “different departments have their own agendas.”

As it happens, in the course of creating innovative new software, developers necessarily juggle around with codes. Experiments conducted during the development cycle identify the best path forward for success, with changes sometimes made in quick succession. Simultaneously, operations teams aim for the highest level of quality in production, focused on customer satisfaction. Therefore, DevOps means improving collaboration, integration and communication in software development and implementation, to create an enhanced product.

As Jez Humble, co-author of the DevOps Handbook, says, “DevOps is not a Goal, but a Never-Ending Process of Continual Improvement.” And, as it happens, one of the most challenging aspects implementing DevOps successfully in a business, is changing its culture. People will not easily change how they work together, or how individual employees perceive their role and their connection to one another to achieve timely delivery of an application, or their collective connection in the organization.

It is only gradually that employees fathom DevOps is not about improving either development or implementation individually , but both simultaneously. Gradually they perceive that DevOps is a means to change the status quo all round, so that IT will not be the bottleneck in creating a better product. They begin to understand that DevOps is a combination of processes, best practices, and techniques to drive IT to raise the bar in delivering high quality business solutions at record speed.

As organizations focus on DevOps, they are able to identify the organizational silos that impede DevOps.

  • Broken Customer Experience – A California-based company CEO, Matthew Harris, said, “The most obvious sign of siloed teams, and what ultimately makes them extremely undesirable, is a broken customer experience.” If a customer is already an existing customer of an eCommerce brand but is treated as a potential customer by the marketing team, it shows how siloed sales and marketing teams are.
  • Internal Unfamiliarity – Jay Goldman, co-founder and Managing Director of Toronto, Canada-based Sensei Lab, said, “The first sign of working at a company with silos is when you don’t know the majority of people working outside your team, or what they do at your company.”
  • Us Vs Them Mentalities – When departments get isolated, they begin to develop an “us vs them” mentality, seeing other departments as competitors and obstacles to success.
  • Disenfranchised Employees – If some employees feel they are treated differently, they will be unhappy and unproductive, and could share negativity with co-workers.
  • Task Duplication – If different departments within an organization do not communicate, they run the risk of duplicating the same task.

Perceiving silo mentality, organizations try to adjust, which is easier for smaller organizations and startups, than for the larger ones that have been around longer.

However, big or small, most organizations are trying to follow strategies that break down silos and promote a collaborative cross-functional production environment.

  • Help everyone understand the common vision and goals

From the inception, individuals and teams need to understand the big picture, how each individual and team contributes to the final output. Engaging as equal links in a chain helps prevent building of separate silos.

  • Assign cross-functional liaisons

Early recognition of organizational silos will result in more streamlined processes by establishing interdepartmental liaisons responsible for encouraging communication between multiple departments working on a project.

  • Encourage cross-functional training

Training employees on skills and tasks that are not their job responsibility, gives them a clearer picture of their colleagues’ job responsibilities. This helps individuals understand what resources or information will help other departments.

  • Develop multi-functional teams for critical launches

A launch team should comprise at least one member from each core department, such as engineering, marketing, sales, and customer service, which will help prevent the silo mentality.

  • Take advantage of the IKEA effect

The IKEA effect means that when individuals and teams expend creative effort at the start of a process, they will have an emotional stake in the project, which will lead to sharing resources to make it successful.

As famous scientist, Charles Darwin, once said, “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.”

And not just survive, but reach the pinnacle as well.

Singapore Company Registration Process – A Detailed Guide

Detailed Guide.png

Singapore is arguably one of the easiest places to do business in. The country has taken pains to ensure a smooth operational ecosystem free of bureaucratic paperwork for all types of industries. In fact, the World Bank ranks Singapore as number 2 among 190 economies in the ease of doing business.

However, you still have to fulfil some legal requirements for setting up a company in Singapore. The Accounting & Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA), the regulatory body that oversees the workings of all Singaporean businesses, has detailed guidelines regarding the functioning of companies in the country and, as per ACRA’s rules, the first step to starting a business (as a private limited company) in Singapore is registering your company. Here are the details of how you should go about doing so –

Requirements of Company Formation

Before you start the registration procedure, it is best to understand the mandatory requirements of the process. These are –

  1. Getting the name of the company approved by ACRA
  2. Appointing at least one resident Singaporean director. You can, of course, have more directors, but ALL of them must be at least 18 years old, financially, and legally sound.
  3. You will also need shareholders (at least 1 or maximum of 50). They can be Singaporean residents or non-residents and there is no minimum requirement of local Singaporean shareholders.
  4. Your company must have a minimum initial paid-up capital of S$1
  5. You need to appoint a resident (i.e., a citizen, permanent resident, or work visa holder) Company secretary within six months of company incorporation in Singapore.
  6. You also need a local registered company office address.

How to Register a Business in Singapore in 3 Steps

Like we mentioned earlier, Singapore has made it extremely simple for businesses to operate in the country. The red-tape is reduced to the minimum, and the entire process is streamlined, transparent, and available online. Here are the 3 main steps of the registration process – 

Step 1 – Company name approval

Before you start the company incorporation process in Singapore, you must get your organization’s name approved by ACRA (The Accounting & Corporate Regulatory Authority). The process is straightforward and is done to ensure that 

  • The name is not similar to the name of an existing business entity in Singapore
  • Is not reserved by another company 
  • Doesn’t infringe any trademarks 
  • And is not obscene or vulgar

The approval process is swift – takes around an hour – if your proposed company name follows the above guidelines. If you use generic industry terms such as Legal, Finance, School, Media, etc. then your name will be reviewed by another government institution, which will delay your name approval by days or sometimes even weeks.

The fee for name approval is S$15.

Step 2 – Prepare and submit the required documents 

Once the name approval comes through, you have to get together all the documents ACRA requires (mentioned in detail below) and submit a duly signed set to ACRA.

Step 3 – Apply to ACRA

With the correct documents and an ACRA approved company name, the application takes less than an hour. The whole process is online, and you will need to do it on BizFile+ – the business filling portal of ACRA.

The company registration fee is S$300. 

Documents Required To Register A Company In Singapore

ACRA has a very clear list of the documents for company incorporation in Singapore. You will need to put together the following documents in English or with translations of non-English documents –

  1. Your company’s constitution (also known as Articles of Association).
  2. A brief description of your business activities
  3. Identification and address of each director along with his/her signed consent to act as a director for the company.
  4. Particulars of the company secretary along with a signed consent 
  5. Identification and residential address details from each shareholder 
  6. If you have hired a professional agency to do the filing on your behalf, then you will also need to submit your verified identification and address proof documents. For Singaporeans, a copy of their identity card would suffice. However, non-residents must provide a copy of their passports, proof of overseas residential address, and Know-Your-Client (KYC) information such as bank reference letters, personal and business profiles, etc. 

Selecting a Business Structure for Maximizing Tax Benefits

Before you open and incorporate a business in Singapore, you must decide on the type of company structure that is most suitable for your work.

There are 3 types of companies which can be incorporated in Singapore –

  1. Private Limited Company (Pte.Ltd.)
  2. Sole Proprietorship
  3. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

Here’s a quick look at the pros and cons of each business structure –

Pte. Ltd. Sole Proprietorship LLP

Owner liability

Limited  Unlimited  Limited 
Taxation Has many corporate tax benefits Based on personal income tax rates hence cannot access corporate tax benefits. No corporate tax benefits 
Succession Perpetual  Not Perpetual Perpetual
Compliance Strict compliance requirements and a fixed code of conduct Minimal compliance requirements Not too stringent compliance needs
Registration process Easy process but incorporation and administrative costs of running a Pte. Ltd. Company are high Registration is straightforward but must be renewed annually. It is also quite affordable.  Easy process, but requires at least 2 partners at all times.
Transfer of ownership Simple No separate legal entity from its owner hence can be transferred. Ownership transfers and investment are not easy
Termination  Complicated  Easy  Moderately difficult
Legal entity Separate No separate legal entity Separate

The table above makes it clear that the strict compliance requirements of a Pte. Ltd. company are offset by corporate tax benefits that could prove financially useful in the long term – especially as the business expands.

To recap, setting up Pte. Ltd. company in Singapore will put your business in a corporate tax bracket (0%-17%) as compared to the personal income tax slab (0%-22%) that sole proprietors and LLP owners fall under. When properly leveraged, the corporate tax benefits can make the company extremely tax efficient.

Some Faqs And More Details On How To Set Up A Company In Singapore 

First, let us give you all the official information put out by ACRA. Much of this has been covered above, but in case you want to refer to the official website, then here are all the essential links.

Setting Up A Local Company  Important Links
Company Name  Choosing a Name –
Reserving a Business Name –
Company Type  Private Vs. Public

Appointing Directors, Company Secretary, and key officers Appointing Officers in Your Company  –

Share and Shareholders Shareholders – 

Registered Office Address & Constitution Registered address –
Model constitution – 

Fixing the financial year end 
Applying for registration via BizFile+ How to register –
BizFile+ portal 

Your annual filing compliance  What you have to file every year – 

Other Information 

Q. How long does it take to register a company in Singapore?

Singapore has made it incredibly fast and easy for businesses to set up shop. In theory, the registration process can all be wrapped up in one day if you have all the documents ready and if your company name approval is not referred to another department. 

Q. What does the entire company incorporation in Singapore cost? 

The ACRA fees are S$15 for company name approval and S$300 as registration fee. However, these are just basic costs. If you hire a professional filing agency, then they will charge you a service fee for facilitating your work. Along with this, if you are foreign national, you might have to pay for hiring a nominee director, company secretary, for a registered office address, and more.

Q. How can foreign nationals register a company in Singapore?

Singapore has made it easy for foreign nationals to start a business in Singapore. You can easily operate your company from outside the country and don’t even need a work visa to incorporate a Singaporean company. However, you do need –

  • at least one local, resident director. Resident for this purpose is defined as a person who is a Singaporean citizen, is a permanent resident in the country, or has a Singaporean Employment pass.
  • To use a professional filing agent or registered incorporation services to register the company in Singapore. Foreigners cannot self-register a company in Singapore.

If you do plan to move to Singapore, you can travel on a visitor visa to get the process started and, in the meantime, apply for an Employment Pass or Entrepreneur Pass, which will give you the status of a resident Singaporean.

Q2. How can you find out when your Singapore company has been incorporated?

As soon as our company has been incorporated in Singapore, you will receive an email notification from ACRA informing you of your status. 

This email is considered the official incorporation certificate and can be used for all company-related legal transactions. It contains the date of incorporation as well as the Unique Entity Number (UEN) issued to the company.

However, you can obtain a hardcopy from the ACRA office by submitting an online request and paying S$50. The hardcopy certificates are usually made available within 24hours and must be collected from the ACRA office.  Additional payment can get it sent by post as well. 

Q3. What must I do after registering my Singapore company?

Company incorporation in Singapore has several benefits –

Firstly, you need to be a locally registered company to open a corporate bank account. Without an incorporation certificate, it is impossible to access traditional business banking facilities in the country.

Secondly, many industries (such as restaurants, educational institutes, import/export-related industries, etc.) in Singapore require business licenses to operate legally. These can only be obtained if you are a registered company in Singapore.

Finally, as your business expands, you will have to apply for a GST registration. This is typically for companies that have annual revenues exceeding S$1 million. Again incorporating your company in Singapore is mandatory before registering for GST.

Along with benefits, registering a company in Singapore comes with some very specific compliance requirements as well. These are – 

  • Holding an AGM (Annual General Meeting) unless exempted
  • Filing annual returns
  • Submitting the Register of Registrable Controllers, Register of Members, Register of Directors, Secretaries, Auditors and CEOs
  • Estimated Chargeable Income (ECI) 
  • Preparation of financial accounts as per Singapore’s Financial Reporting Standards (FRS) 
  • Annual audit of your financial accounts by an outside auditor
  • Annual filing of accounts within 60 days of AGM (Annual General Meeting)
  • Filing of income tax return
  • Any changes in company information or information regarding company officers and shareholders must be updated with ACRA
  • Determining the financial year

© 2021 BizTech

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑

Skip to toolbar