Singapore Wellness Study and WELL-Singapore

The Singapore Wellness Study aims to have a better understanding of the different aspects of wellness in the Singapore population and the factors which enhance wellness. SPHS collaborates locally with the Institute of Mental Health on this study. The study also involves international collaboration with Stanford University (US), Zhejiang University (China) and Fu Jen University (Taiwan) under the project named “WELL for Life” (WELL). WELL is a project initiated by Stanford University’s Prevention Research Centre to explore wellness and its connection between a sense of well-being and physical health. A key development of the Centre is a 210-item questionnaire, Stanford WELL for Life Scale (SWLS), which all the partnering sites have adapted for local usage.

WELL-Singapore has both qualitative and quantitative components. The qualitative component comprises semi-structured interviews with 83 participants aged 21 years and above in their preferred language (English, Mandarin or Malay), during the period February to September 2018. The aims are to understand:

1) how wellness and well-being are conceptualised by Singaporeans;
2) whether the concepts of wellness and well-being are different amongst different ethnicities, genders and preferred languages; and
3) how the determinants and indicators of wellness and well-being vary with different ethnicities, genders and preferred languages.

The Singapore Wellness Study team chose 65 items of the SWLS and adapted the questions for the quantitative component of the WELL-Singapore project (see Table 1). Between September 2017 and November 2018, about 5,000 SPHS’ Multi-ethnic Cohort (Phase II) participants have been recruited to WELL-Singapore. A total of 10,000 participants will be enrolled in WELL-Singapore by early 2020 and the cohort will be followed up once every 3-4 years.

Table 1. Domains and items of the SWLS and those used in WELL-Singapore

Domains No. of items in SWLS No. of items used by WELL-Singapore
Social Connectedness 13 13
Diet 16
Physical Activity 10
Sleep 15
Smoking 9
Alcohol Use 4
Stress and Resilience 14 14
Experience of Emotions 11 11
Physical Health 5 5
Purpose and Meaning 2 2
Sense of Self 5 5
Financial Security/Satisfaction 1 1
Spirituality and Religion 1 1
Exploration and Creativity 1 1
Global Well-being 2 2
Perceived Influence of Lifestyle on Well-being 10 10
Nature Experience 2
Mindfulness 4
Community Characteristics 4
Disease/Illness 23
Functional Capacity 8
Education 7
Employment 6
Participant Information 37
Total 210 65

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Last updated on 07 January 2019.