The Singapore Wellness Study aims to have a better understanding of the different aspects of wellness in the Singapore population and the factors which enhance wellness. SPHS collaborates locally with the Institute of Mental Health on this study. The study also involves international collaboration with Stanford University (US), Zhejiang University (China) and Fu Jen University (Taiwan) under the project named “WELL for Life” (WELL). WELL is a project initiated by Stanford University’s Prevention Research Centre to explore wellness and its connection between a sense of well-being and physical health. A key development of the Centre is a 210-item questionnaire, Stanford WELL for Life Scale (SWLS), which all the partnering sites have adapted for local usage.
WELL-Singapore has both qualitative and quantitative components. The qualitative component comprises semi-structured interviews with 83 participants aged 21 years and above in their preferred language (English, Mandarin or Malay), during the period February to September 2018. The aims are to understand:
1) how wellness and well-being are conceptualised by Singaporeans;
2) whether the concepts of wellness and well-being are different amongst different ethnicities, genders and preferred languages; and
3) how the determinants and indicators of wellness and well-being vary with different ethnicities, genders and preferred languages.
The Singapore Wellness Study team chose 65 items of the SWLS and adapted the questions for the quantitative component of the WELL-Singapore project (see Table 1). Between September 2017 and November 2018, about 5,000 SPHS’ Multi-ethnic Cohort (Phase II) participants have been recruited to WELL-Singapore. A total of 10,000 participants will be enrolled in WELL-Singapore by early 2020 and the cohort will be followed up once every 3-4 years.
Table 1. Domains and items of the SWLS and those used in WELL-Singapore
|Domains||No. of items in SWLS||No. of items used by WELL-Singapore|
|Stress and Resilience||14||14|
|Experience of Emotions||11||11|
|Purpose and Meaning||2||2|
|Sense of Self||5||5|
|Spirituality and Religion||1||1|
|Exploration and Creativity||1||1|
|Perceived Influence of Lifestyle on Well-being||10||10|
Last updated on 07 January 2019.