Hot Off the Press: Selective induction of alternatively spliced FynT isoform by TNF facilitates persistent inflammatory responses in astrocytes
In this study led by Michelle Tan, and following hot on the heels of our previous paper showing association of the FynT isoform with astrocyte activation in AD (Lee et al, 2016), we demonstrated selective FynT induction in murine cortex and primary astrocyte culture after prolonged exposure to inflammatory stimulants, suggesting that FynT may mediate persistent neuroinflammation. To delineate the functional role of astrocytic FynT in association with TNF-mediated inflammatory responses, immortalized normal human astrocytes (iNHA) stably expressing FynT kinase constitutively active (FynT-CA) or kinase dead (FynT-KD) mutants were treated with TNF and compared for inflammatory responses using high-throughput real-time RT-PCR and Luminex multi-analyte immunoassays. FynT-CA but not FynT-KD mutant exhibited drastic induction of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines after prolonged exposure to TNF, which could be attenuated by treating with Fyn kinase inhibitor PP2 or silencing via FynT-specific DsiRNA. FynT kinase activity-dependent induction of PKCδ expression, PKCδ phosphorylation, as well as NFκB activation was detected at the late phase but not the early phase of TNF signaling. In conclusion, selective FynT induction by TNF may facilitate persistent inflammatory responses in astrocytes, which is highly relevant to chronic neuroinflammation in neurodegenerative diseases including but not limited to AD.
Lee C, Low CY, Wong SY, et al. (This paper).
Lee C, Low CY, Francis PT, Attems J, Wong PT, Lai MK, Tan MG (2016) An isoform-specific role of FynT tyrosine kinase in Alzheimer’s disease. J Neurochem 136:637-50.