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Busy finishing your assignments and struggling with citing the papers and books you found?  We have various citation guides you can use to teach you how to manually cite in various styles such as APA, MLA, ASA etc.

But let me show you 5 different ways to automatically cite papers and books you found without manually crafting the reference.


1. Use FindMore@NUSL

FindMore@NUSL our default library search on our library homepage allows you to search books and articles we have access to. But did you know that you can use it to automatically provide citations?

Here’s how. Do a search and then click on the folder icon next to the item you want to cite. Then  click on the Saved Items folder icon to output your list of saved results.

From there you can email or cut and paste the citation in APA, AMA, MLA, Uniform , Chicago and Harvard styles.

Comment : By covering almost all the books and articles you have access via NUS Libraries, you can simply type in the item you want to cite and follow the method above to get the citations quickly!

Want to cite something we don’t have access to? Trying clicking on “Add results beyond your library’s collection” on the left, below searching and see if the item comes out.


2. Use Google Scholar  

Many of you are big fans of Google Scholar and so are we. Hopefully you have set up Google Scholar to display “Findit@NUSLibraries!” links in it, to allow the easiest access to full-text via NUS subscriptions.

Not sure how to do this? Look at http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/content.php?pid=443597&sid=4030050

But how do you easily cite the items you found?

It’s simple, just click on “Cite” just below each result.

It will offer citations in MLA, APA, Chicago styles.

Comment : Google Scholar is probably one of the broadest one search you can find covering not just standard journal articles but also obscure grey literature like Government documents and papers. However be careful, the quality of the citations produced may vary due to inaccurate or missing data.


3. Most other library databases

Most common library databases include databases on the Proquest platform and Ebscohost platform have similar autociting functions. Here are some examples:



Ebscohost covers the basics including AMA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, MLA, Vancouver  styles.



Proquest databases provide a wide variety of citation styles to choose from.



Scopus also supports citations in the roughly same style.


Ebscohost databases, Proquest databases and Scopus are just 3 library databases that will generate citations of items found in the most common styles. Many other library databases (e.g PsycINFO, EconLit etc) also have similar functions, look for an icon or hypertext that allows you to export or export citation. If you are unable to figure it out and need help, do let us know.

 Comment : Though individual databases do not cover as much as FindMore@NUSL or Google Scholar, this method can still be useful, and you can grab the citation there while you happen to be downloading full-text from there anyway. You may also get more accurate citations here.


4. Other standalone citation builders

Besides functions built-in databases, there are also a few standalone citation builders you can try. Note NUS Libraries does not officially support them.

Many of these standalone citation builders guide you to cite less conventional sources such as website or blogs, though you have to enter the data in the online form first. Bibme allows you to both search via Worldcat for the item you want, or do it manually via online forms.

Above shows an online form that you fill in if you want to cite a website using the NCSU Citation Builder, and the form will produce a citation in MLA.

Comment :  A mixed bag of methods.  As mentioned they allow you to cite less common sources such as blogs and websites ,  but rely on you to manually fill in the details in each file.


5. Endnote and other Reference Managers

If none of the methods above are good enough for you and you want to do heavy duty citations, you may want to consider investing the time to learn a reference or bibliographic Manager. NUS Libraries currently supports EndNote.

Why use a reference manager which takes a bit longer to learn over the above methods?

  • Access to a large number of styles –eg Endnote has over 5,000 styles!
  • Keeps track of your citations in one place so you won’t lose track.
  • When writing a paper it not only creates your bibliography but also your in-text citations or footnotes and dynamically links it, so if you remove it from your in-text citation the bibliography is automatically removed as well.


Curious?  Take your first step by going to our EndNote guide that shows you how to install it. We conduct hands-on tutorial, lecture style and even online classes on how to learn EndNote, but you can try learning it yourself.

Watch the  “How To Use EndNote in 7 Minutes (Windows Version)” for a super-fast introduction.


Conclusion : The method above always you to create citations without knowing the exact details of citation styles. But be careful, auto-generated citations are sometimes not 100% correct, due to various reasons including wrong or missing data (eg The publication year might happen to be wrong from Google Scholar) or the citation style rules might be a bit off in certain cases. Always remember to manually double-check your citations before submissions!


Aaron Tay

NUS Libraries

The Library has revamped its self-service fine payment facilities! Library users can now pay library fines more conveniently via NETS FlashPay at the self-service payment booth.

NETS FlashPay mode is available at all NUS Libraries. When you are paying fines, you will be prompted to enter your matriculation/staff/library membership card number and the fines will be deducted accordingly from the card. Please ensure that you have sufficient funds in your card before proceeding to payment.


You can refer to the table below to get a clear picture of the existing self-service fine payment modes at NUS Libraries.


Central Library & Chinese Library Science Library Medical Library Hon Sui Sen Memorial Library Music Library C J Koh Law Library
By Cashcard Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
By Ez-link card Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
By NETS ATM card At Loans Desk 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
By NETS FlashPay Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


If you are unable to make it down to our Libraries in person, you may also try paying by Cheque or even pay by Credit Card/eDebit (Internet Banking) online. For further instructions and more details, please view the FAQ here.


Yuan Ye

NUS Central Library

We try our best to improve the facilities & services of NUS Libraries to meet your needs, here are some of the improvements and changes we made since the new semester began on Aug 2013.


1. More powerpoints in Central Library

Table in the Bound Journal Section,   Central Library, Level 5

In our library survey done earlier this year, the lack of powerpoints in Central Library for charging of your laptops, tablets & smartphones was a common issue mentioned.

This was a very difficult problem to solve due to the age of the building which made upgrading to support more power difficult , but we finally achieved this with the help of the Office of Estate and Development (OED), and now every seat in Central Library Level 6, and most seats at Level 5 come with a powerpoint each.


2. Availability of scanners

Besides power points, the lack of scanning services in the library was also mentioned in our survey. Again, you asked, we listened and responded.

As of Aug 2013, Scanning services are available at the photocopy rooms of

  • Central Library
  • Hon Sui Sen Memorial Library
  • Science Library
  • Medical Library
  • C J Koh Law Library (near the networked printers)

More details can be found at http://libfaq.nus.edu.sg/a.php?qid=150390 , but do observe the copyright regulations when using the scanners.


3. Books dispenser at UTown

Our book dispenser, NUSL Express at University Town 

We have installed a new book dispenser at UTown so you can borrow selected books 24/7! You can not only borrow books but can return books there but it only accepts books borrowed from the book dispenser. To find out what is available for borrowing at the machine, search FindMore and restrict the search under “Library Location” to “NUSL Express”.

How to search for books available at NUSL Express at University Town 

Refer to our FAQ <http://libfaq.nus.edu.sg/a.php?qid=479928> for more details.


4. Improvement to library search – FindMore@NUSL

 Since the final launch of FindMore@NUSL, we have not rested on our laurels and continued to try to improve the system. Among many changes, one recent change was making finding online standards in British Standards Online a lot easier.

How to search for British Standards in FindMore@NUSL

You can now enter the full standard code (e.g BS EN 62034:2012) and preferably the title into FindMore and if the item is available in British Standards Online, it will now show up in FindMore@NUSL.  Clicking on the result will bring you directly to the online standard.

To improve the precision of the results, you may need to act quotes around the search and/or refine to “standards” under “Content Type”.

Another bigger piece of news is that we are currently testing a new version of FindMore at http://nus.preview.summon.serialssolutions.com/

The new preview version of FindMore.

Among some of the new features includes

  • A new discipline facet (e.g. Economics, Psychology) to refine your search
  • Grouped newspaper article results to help you focus on the types of content you want
  • A new advanced search which allows you to do controlled searching by specific fields such as subject term, author, title, publication title, doi and more.

The new preview advanced search of FindMore.

It’s still in the test phase, but you can be the first to try it out at http://nus.preview.summon.serialssolutions.com/ and let us have your comments  at https://esurvey.nus.edu.sg/efm/se.ashx?s=2891D03D0A7B4AB3



 We hope you are excited and happy with these improvements. Of course this isn’t the end, and we are still working through and studying the tons of feedback you gave us during the library survey earlier this year and hope to put in place more improvements based on your feedback.


Aaron Tay

NUS Libraries

The Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music marks its 10th Anniversary in 2013/2014. In celebration of this special occasion, the Music Library has put up a display to showcase the works of the conservatory’s faculty, students and alumni.


These works are available in the library and the call number or stack number may be searched from the library online catalogue, LINC.

Performances by the conservatory may be streamed from ScholarBank@NUS at http://www.lib.nus.edu.sg


At the library portal page, click on ScholarBank@NUS at the bottom of the page.


If you have read and agree to the terms of use, click ‘I Accept’.


Enter the search term and click ‘Go’.


At the search results page, select your preferred work.


Next, click ‘View in browser’.


Click on the arrow as shown in the screenshot.


Similarly, for the sound recording, click as shown to listen.


Happy viewing/listening in ScholarBank@NUS!


The 6th annual NUS Libraries E-Resource Discovery Day (ERDD) took place on Thursday, 29 August at the Central Forum. We had plenty of activities such as quizzes and games to help our students be better acquainted with the E-Resources.


As a pre-event activity, we held a two-week Online Quiz. This year the quiz was tougher as participants were required to score full marks before being eligible for the lucky draw. On the day of the event itself, some of our E-Resource vendors set up booths to promote the use of E-Resources to the NUS community. Over 300 NUS Staff and students participated in the Forum Quiz where they learnt how to do certain tasks of varying difficulty on NUS’ subscribed E-Resources from the vendors and be eligible for the Forum Quiz Lucky Draw.

This year we had a new lunch time event called the New E-Resource Discovery Game Show (NERD). We had 12 participants who went through 1 nail biting group round of a variety of questions to determine our top four who then battled it out in a fastest fingers first race! Everyone walked away a winner that day though! Do check out our winners at the end of this post!


Of course, we had our popular NUS Fund Raising Sale this year from 29 to 30 August. We placed our donation boxes at all the NUS Libraries and encouraged everyone to donate their books that were still in good condition from 23rd May to 5th August, which were then priced and organized into various categories. For our Garage Sale, our items came from some generous colleagues. Some of these items were displayed on a mannequin in NUS Central Library’s lobby. On the days of the sale, most were quite impressed with the variety and the low prices of the books and items in our Fund Raising sale. We also had special offers this year like a tie up with Ben & Jerry’s in giving away a scoop of ice cream to those who spent a certain amount at our sale and flash sales!

We collected a total of $11,500 at the end of the sale. This amount was then given to Annual NUS Giving Bursary Fund, which is a fund dedicated to assisting students with financial needs.  We would like to thank everyone who either donated books and/or came down to purchase books and items for our sale! We hope to see you again at future NUS Libraries events! Do check out our Instagram account (@nuslibraries , #erdd2013)  for photos & videos!

Online Quiz Lucky Draw winners

Prize Winner
1st: iPad mini 16 GB with Wifi (iGroup) Koh Yi-Da David
2nd: iPod Nano (16GB) (UBS) Vivian Tai Huan Fen
3rd: Philips digital wireless headphones and clock radio (Taylor & Francis) Lam Mingjun
4th: S$150 Kinokuniya vouchers (Kinokuniya) Kendrick Okeefe
5th: S$100 Kinokuniya vouchers (Lexis Nexis) Li Xiaoxi
6th: iPod shuffle (Sage) Ting Jun Xiang
7th: Creative D80 Bluetooth Speakers (Proquest) Yuen Wee Siang
8th: Portable mobile charger (One Source) Dr Koh Geok Liang
9th: Wireless mouse (MIMS) Ko Zheng Teng

Forum Quiz Lucky Draw winners

Prize Winner
1st: iPad Wifi 32GB (Elsevier) Le Sy Quoc
2nd: iPad mini 16 GB with Wifi (Ovid) Liao Fang Bo
3rd: iPad Bluetooth keyboard (IEEE) Dang Truong Hoang Ngan
4th: Samsung Galaxy Tab 2 (7.0) (Wiley) Chauhan Jay Mukesh
5th: iPod Nano (EBSCO) Zhu Yi
6th: S$150 Capitaland vouchers (Gale Cengage) Ashiwini Kumao Sham
7th: Carbon Audio Zooka Wireless Bluetooth Speaker (Thomson Reuters) Vu Thi Thuy Trang
8th: Swatch Watch (Springer) Chew Rong Ping, Victoria
9th: S$100 Kinokuniya vouchers (LexisNexis) Sahar Tavakoli
10th: TDK Headphones (ProQuest) Zhou Jieliang

N.E.R.D Game Show winners

Prize Winner
1st: One iPod Nano (16GB) + One iPod Nano WatchBand (Ovid) Shubhabrata Sen
2nd: Nikon Coolpix L610 camera (red; limited edition) (participating vendors of ERDD 2013) Wesley Teo
3rd: SkullCandy Hesh earphones (participating vendors of ERDD 2013) Chen Jiaying
4th: Seagate 1 TB external desktop hard drive (participating vendors of ERDD 2013) Viswam Parthiban
Consolation prizes 5-12: $20 Capitaland Vouchers (participating vendors of ERDD 2013) Shivam BhardwajJimmy Lam MingJun

Vishnukumar VJ

Sravana Kumar

Rishita Changede

Loke Pei Ling Yvonne

Dave Mangindaan

Qin Bin



On 18 September, a naming ceremony was held on level 5 of Central Library at the information desk area. The Reference Room was to be renamed as the Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt Room, in remembrance of the late Mrs Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt who led the NUS Libraries from 1980 until her retirement in July 1991.

The invited guests include Mr Hochstadt and family, friends of Mrs Hochstadt, retired NUS administrative staff, as well as past and present staff of the NUS Libraries. NUS President Prof Tan Chorh Chuan graced the ocassion and unveiled the plaque together with Mr Hochstadt:

After the speech by University Librarian Ms Sylvia Yap, the guests and staff went into the newly named Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt Room, and viewed a slideshow about Mrs Hochstadt.

They also discussed and reminisced about some of the titles that were donated by the Hochstadt family, which were on display:

Here is the speech that was given by University Librarian Ms Sylvia Yap:

Good evening, Mr Hochstadt and family members, Prof Tan Chorh Chuan, President of NUS,  Prof Lim Pin, Prof Thumboo, past and present colleagues, and friends.

A very warm welcome to the Central Library.

Thank you for taking time off from your busy schedule to be with us this evening to honor a very special lady. Those of us gathered here, who knew the late Mrs Peggy Hochstadt or Big Boss (BB) as we affectionately called her, will agree that she is someone whom we were privileged to have met on our life’s journey.

She had left us with many treasured memories. We recall the jokes she shared, her tea sessions with new and junior staff, her many interactions with us in Cantonese and the efforts she took to showed us the correct way to write memos, circulars and minutes of meetings. Many colleagues in the Library still remember her honest, sincere and caring personalities very fondly. She was our BB, mentor, colleague and friend.

The Library is her legacy. Her vision was the pivotal first step that placed the NUS Libraries on our trajectory towards excellence.

The late Mrs Peggy Hochstadt joined the university library service in 1960 shortly after graduating from the University of Malaya. From the late 1970s, the planning and building of the new university campus at Kent Ridge were already underway. She contributed actively towards the planning of the new campus, including the design of the new library building; and the subsequent move of the various library collections from their many different locations to the new Kent Ridge campus. During her tenure as Chief Librarian (1978-1990), she saw the university library transform from a traditional card catalogue and print-based library to an innovative hybrid library which still remains a showcase to our Southeast Asian neighbours.

She was one of Singapore’s pioneer and outstanding librarians who had done much for the NUS Libraries and the profession. She was also well respected by all at NUS, not only by her own staff but also by faculty members and her colleagues from other administrative departments. It is therefore timely for us today to recognize a unique, dynamic and well-loved leader, her stewardship of NUS Libraries and her many contributions to building the Singapore library profession.

As a tribute to the late Mrs Peggy Hochstadt–the first Chief Librarian of NUS Libraries–for her dedication to NUS and 31 years of committed service until her retirement in 1991, the Library will be naming this reference room in the Central Library, the Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt Room, in short, the PH Room in honour of her. PH were the initials she used on all the documents she vetted or forwarded to us for action.

The family also very generously donated a collection of 526 titles to enrich the NUS Libraries’ print collection. The gifted collection can be viewed from our Donors’ Gallery via our Library Portal. Today we have displayed some selected items on tables in the room.

It is with great pleasure that I now invite Prof Tan to unveil the Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt Room.

Prof Tan, please.

Since 18 September, the Reference Room at Central Library has been renamed the Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt Room.

Mrs Peggy Wai Chee Leong-Hochstadt served as the first Chief Librarian of the NUS Library from 1980 till her retirement in July 1991. Mrs Hochstadt was a well-loved leader who was instrumental in the library’s early embrace of information technology. She also made many contributions to the library profession in Singapore.

With the renaming of the room, the location code displayed in the catalogue for Central Library’s reference materials is now “PH Room”:

The Hochstadt family has also very generously donated a collection of 526 titles to enrich our libraries’ print collection. Here are just some of the titles:



For more information about this collection, please visit the Donors’ Gallery.

NUS Libraries







Talk: Lim Boon Keng and Lu Xun (in Mandarin) 

Co-organizers: Sun Yat Sun Nanyang Memorial Hall;The Chinese in Southeast Asia Research Group, Department of Chinese Studies;and Chinese Library

Speaker: Prof Lee Guan Kin (Distinguished Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Chinese Language and Culture, Nanyang Technological University, Visiting Professor at Xiamen University)

Date: 19 September 2013 (Thursday)

Time: 2pm to 3:30pm

Venue: Central Library Theatrette 1 (Level 4)

A guided tour of the “Dr Lim Boon Keng: his life and legacy” will be conducted after the talk.

We welcome NUS staff and students to attend the talk.

Fatally Ever After

Once upon a time, there was a librarian who liked macabre things. She also enjoyed choosing reading materials based on how eye-catching their titles were. One day, she found a book about murder, with a stark white and red cover showing a body impaled by an axe. She began reading the back cover blurb and was gripped with fearsome intrigue.

In “Bloody Murder”, author Michelle Ann Abate explores the act of murder in children’s literature. In case you are wondering, homicide has always been present in children’s fiction. Most of us remember this notorious chant from the giant in Jack and the Beanstalk:

I smell the blood of an Englishman.
Be he ‘live, or be he dead,
I’ll grind his bones to make my bread.

And the Queen of Hearts’ bloodthirsty cry: Off with their heads!

The fact that there exists the subject classification “Murder–Juvenile fiction” demonstrates the pervasiveness of the homicide theme in children’s literature. Bloody Murder contains a chronological examination of homicide in famous children’s literature from social and political perspectives. For instance, Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865) was created during the period when public executions created heated debates in England, which makes you wonder if the Queen of Hearts’ infamous line alluded to this issue. In another chapter, Abate examines Edgar Rice Burroughs’ Tarzan of the Apes (1912) by using Cesare Lombroso’s theory of the “born criminal” to compare the features of the killer apes with those of the hero Tarzan. Among other topics, the book also examines the forces that have shaped the current obsession with zombies, murderous beings who are now the undead.

Bloody Murder makes us reconsider our frequent assumption that children’s literature is usually about positive events. Call it a wet blanket or destroyer of innocent dreams, but this book is not meant to recount the happily-ever-afters in children’s fiction. I enjoyed Abate’s attempts in interpreting the various well-known stories from a realistic representation. And for someone who enjoys most things macabre, this book served as a literary appetizer that whetted my interest in gory literature.

Bloody Murder: The Homicide Tradition in Children’s Literature by Michelle Ann Abate is available at the Central Library (PN1009.5 Hom.Ab 2013).

Following the blog article on the 60th anniversary exhibition, the exhibition was launched at 10.30 am on 6 August at Chinese Library exhibition area (Central Library Level 6).

More than 120 participants attended the event, including academic and administrative staff, students and alumni from the Department of Chinese Studies as well as the current and retired staff from the Chinese Library. Our special guests included Professor Wang Gungwu (Chairman of the East Asian Institute), Professor Robbie Goh (Vice Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences), and former heads of the Chinese Library.

A photo album of the event is available here.



逾120位中文系师生、校友、中文图书馆现任职员与退休职员齐聚一堂欢庆这个特别的日子。到场祝贺的特别嘉宾包括东亚研究所主席王赓武教授、国大文学暨社会科学院副院长Robbie Goh教授、国大图书馆馆长叶瑞明女士、南大图书馆前馆长、国大图书馆前代馆长许统义先生、新大中文图书馆前主任林鸿图先生、新大和国大中文图书馆前主任许国华先生、国大中文图书馆前主任李金生先生等等。









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