Centre for English Language Communication
National University of Singapore
Project work is a common feature of course work in many disciplines at university level. Students may be required to work on a project and submit either a written paper or deliver an oral presentation or do both. These ‘end products’ may be part of the assessment requirement of a course or indeed constitute 100 percent of the assessment requirement of the course. Regardless of the weighting allocated, projects at university are often carried out in groups. Ehrman and Dörnyei (1998, p.72) characterize groups as “distinct unit(s)” of people whose interaction is determined by a common goal or purpose, the achievement of which requires them to stay together for a period of time.