Trevor B. Penney

Trevor horse for BBL page

Office: Block AS4 02-20
Phone: 6516 8116
Fax: (65) 6773 1843
Mailing address: National University of Singapore
Department of Psychology
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
9 Arts Link
Singapore 117570


Ph.D.  1997  Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
M.Sc.  1993  Memorial University of Newfoundland, St.John’s, NL, Canada
B.Sc.  1990  Memorial University of Newfoundland, St.John’s, NL, Canada

Professional Experience

2006 – present   Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore
2005 – 2006      Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
2000 – 2005      Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
1997 – 2000      Post-doctoral Fellow, Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany


Herbst, S.K., Chaumon, M., Penney, T.B., Busch, N.A. (2015). Flicker-induced time dilation does not modulate EEG correlates of temporal encoding. Brain Topography, 28, 559-569.

Ng, K. K., & Penney, T. B. (2014). Probing interval timing with scalp-recorded electroencephalography (EEG). In H. Merchant & V. de Lafuente. (Eds.), Neurobiology of Interval Timing. Springer Verlag, 2013. This chapter also appeared as an article in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.

Penney, T.B., Brown, G.D.A., & Wong, J.K.L. (2014). Stimulus spacing effects in duration perception are larger for auditory stimuli: Data and a model. Acta Psychologica, 147, 97-104.

Cheng, R.K., Jesuthasan, S., Penney, T.B. (2014). Zebrafish forebrain and temporal conditioning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 369, 20120462.

Ng, K. K., & Penney, T. B. (2014). Probing interval timing with scalp-recorded electroencephalography (EEG). Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 829, 187-207.

Penney, T.B., Yim, E.N.K., & Ng, K.K. (2014). Distractor expectancy effects on interval timing. Timing & Time Perception, 2, 1-19.

Schirmer A, Seow CS, Penney TB (2013) Humans Process Dog and Human Facial Affect in Similar Ways. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74591. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074591

Tse, C.Y., Rinne, T., Ng, K.K., & Penney, T.B. (2013). The functional role of the frontal cortex in pre-attentive auditory change detection. NeuroImage, 83, 870-879.

Cheng, R.K., Jesuthasan, S., Penney, T.B. (2011). Time for zebrafish. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 5: 40.

Lui, M.A., Penney, T.B., Schirmer, A. (2011). Emotion effects on timing: Attention versus pacemaker accounts. PLoS ONE, 6.

Ng, K.K., Tobin, S., & Penney, T.B. (2011). Temporal accumulation and decision processes in the duration bisection task revealed by contingent negative variation. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. 5:77 doi: 10.3389/fnint.2011.00077

Schirmer, A., Soh, Y.H., Penney, T.B., Wyse, L. (2011). Perceptual and conceptual priming of environmental sounds. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 3241-53.

Van Rijn, H., Kononowicz, T.D., Meck, W.H., Ng, K.K., Penney, T.B. (2011). Contingent negative variation and its relation to time estimation: a theoretical evaluation. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 5: 91.

Cheung, H., Chung, K.K.H., Wong, S.W.L., McBride-Chang, C.M., Penney, T.B., Ho, C.S.H. (2010). Speech perception, metalinguistic awareness, reading, vocabulary in Chinese-English bilingual children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 102, 367-380.

Ali, F. & Penney, T.B. (2010). The cultured brain: Interplay of genes, brain, and culture. In M. Bond (Ed.), The Handbook of Chinese Psychology 2nd ed. (pp. 31-36). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lee, A., Mathuru, A.S., Teh, C., Kibat, C., Korzh, V., Penney, T.B., Jesuthasan, S. (2010). The habenula prevents helpless behavior in larval zebrafish. Current Biology, 20, 2211-2216.

Penney, T.B., Vaitilingam L., Liu, S. (2010). Implicit Timing. In Srinivasan, N., Kar, B.R., & Pandey, J. (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Science: Volume 2. Sage.

Lin, P.Y., Lin, S.I., Penney, T., Chen, J.J.J. (2009). Applications of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging for motor rehabilitation in stroke patients. Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering, 29, 210-221.

Cheung, H., Chung, K.K.H., Wong, S.W.L., McBride-Chang, C., Penney, T.B., Ho, C.S.H. (2009). Perception of tone and aspiration contrasts in Chinese children with dyslexia. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 726-733.

Ng, K.K., Yip, P.P.Y., Soh, Y.H., Penney, T.B. (2009). Duration magnitude and memory resource demand. NeuroQuantology, 7, 128-137.

Cheng, R.K., Scott, A.C., Penney, T.B., Williams, C.L., & Meck, W.H. (2008). Prenatal choline supplementation differentially modulates timing of auditory and visual stimuli in aged rats. Brain Research, 1237, 167-175.

Meck, W.H., Penney, T.B., & Pouthas, V. (2008). Cortico-striatal representation of time in animals and humans. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 18, 145-152.

Penney, T.B. & Vaitilingam L. (2008). Imaging Time. In S. Grondin (Ed.), Psychology of Time (pp. 261-294). Bingley, UK: Emerald.

Penney, T.B., Gibbon, J., Meck, W.H. (2008). Categorical scaling of duration bisection in pigeons (Columba livia), mice (Mus musculus), and humans (Homo sapiens). Psychological Science, 19, 1103-1109.

Chung, K.K.H., McBride-Chang, C.A., Wong, S.W.L., Cheung, H., Penney, T.B., & Ho, C.S.H. (2008). The role of visual and auditory temporal processing for Chinese children with developmental dyslexia. Annals of Dyslexia, 58, 15-35.

Tse, C.Y., & Penney, T.B. (2008). On the functional role of temporal and frontal cortex activation in passive detection of auditory deviance. NeuroImage, 41, 1462-1470.

Tse, C.Y., & Penney, T.B. (2007). Optical imaging of cortical activity elicited by unattended temporal deviants. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 26, 52-58.

Droit-Volet, S., Penney, T.B., Meck, W.H. (2007). Sensory modality and time perception in children and adults. Behavioral Processes, 74, 244-250.

Penney, T.B., Wong, S., Ng, K.K., & McBride-Chang, C.A. (2007). Speeded naming and dyslexia. In T. Sakamoto (Ed.), Communicating Skills of Intention (pp. 75-90). Tokyo, Japan: Hituzi Shobo.

McBride-Chang, C, Hua, S., Ng, J.Y.L., Meng, X., & Penney, T.B. (2007). Morphological Structure Awareness, Vocabulary, and Reading. In Wagner, R.K., Muse, A., & Tannenbaum, K. (Eds.), Vocabulary Acquisition: Implications for Reading Comprehension (pp. 104-122). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Schirmer, A., Lui, M., Maess, B., Eiscoffier, N., Chan, M., & Penney, T.B. (2006). Task and sex modulate the brain response to emotional incongruity in Asian listeners. Emotion, 6, 406-417.

Tse, C.Y., & Penney, T.B. (2006). Pre-attentive timing of empty intervals is from marker offset to onset. Psychophysiology, 43, 172-179.

Tse, C.Y., Tien, K.R., & Penney, T.B. (2006). Event–related optical imaging reveals the temporal dynamics of right temporal and frontal cortex activation in pre-attentive change detection. NeuroImage, 29, 314-320.

Penney, T.B., Leung, K.M, Chan, P.C., Meng, X., & McBride-Chang, C.A. (2005). Poor readers of Chinese respond slower than good readers in phonological, rapid naming, and interval timing tasks. Annals of Dyslexia, 55, 9-27.

Penney, T.B., Meck, W.H., Roberts, S.A., Gibbon, J., & Erlenmeyer-Kimling, L. (2005). Attention mediated interval timing deficits in individuals at high risk for schizophrenia. Brain and Cognition, 58, 109-118.

Penney, T.B., & Tourret, S. (2005). Les effets de la modalite sensorielle sur la perception du temps. Psychologie Française, 50, 131-143.

Melgire, M., Ragot, R., Samson, S., Penney, T.B., Meck, W.H., & Pouthas, V. (2005). Auditory/visual duration bisection in patients with left or right medial temporal lobe resection. Brain and Cognition, 58, 119-124.

Nessler, D., Mecklinger, A., & Penney, T.B. (2005). Perceptual fluency, semantic familiarity, and recognition-related familiarity: An electrophysiological exploration. Cognitive Brain Research, 22, 265-288.

Schirmer, A., Tang, S.L., Penney, T.B., Gunter, C.T., & Chen, H.C. (2005). Brain responses to segmentally and tonally induced semantic violations in Cantonese, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 1-12.

Penney, T.B. (2004). Electrophysiological correlates of interval timing in the Stop-Reaction Time task. Cognitive Brain Research, 21, 234-249.

Penney, T.B., Maess, B., Busch, N., Derrfuss, J., & Mecklinger, A. (2003). Cortical activity reduction with stimulus repetition: An MEG analysis. Cognitive Brain Research, 16, 226-231.

Penney, T.B. (2003). Modality differences in interval timing: Attention, clock speed, and memory. In W.H. Meck (Ed.), Functional and Neural Mechanisms of Interval Timing (pp. 209-233). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Penney, T.B., Mecklinger, A., & Nessler, D. (2001). Repetition related ERP effects in a visual target detection task. Cognitive Brain Research, 10, 239-250.

Nessler, D., Mecklinger, A., & Penney, T.B. (2001). Event related brain potentials and illusory memories: The effects of differential encoding. Cognitive Brain Research, 10, 283-301.

Penney, T.B., Gibbon, J., & Meck, W.H. (2000). Differential effects of auditory and visual signals on clock speed and temporal memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 1770-1787.

Penney, T.B., Mecklinger, A., Hilton, H.J., & Cooper, L.A. (2000). Priming and recognition of novel 3D objects: Guidance from event-related potentials. Cognitive Science Quarterly, 1, 69-92.

Rakitin, B.C., Gibbon, J., Penney, T.B., Malapani, C., Hinton, S.C. & Meck, W.H. (1998). Scalar expectancy theory and peak-interval timing in humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. 24, 15-33.

Penney, T.B., Allan, L., Meck, W.H., & Gibbon, J. (1998). Memory mixing in duration bisection. In Rosenbaum, D.A., & Collyer, C.E. (Eds.) Timing of Behavior: Neural, Computational, and Psychologica Perspectives (pp. 165-193). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Penney, T.B., Holder, M.D., & Meck, W.H. (1996). Clonidine-induced antagonism of norepinephrine modulates the attentional processes involved in peak-interval timing. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 4, 1-11.